Volume Two- Issue Three

Title: Table of Contents
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
File: Table of Contents (109 downloads)
Title: EDITORIAL: Grief in the Wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring New Approaches from Diverse Perspectives
Volume:  2
Issue: 3
Abstract:
Pages: 2-6
Keywords:
Authors: Soheila Pashang
File: EDITORIAL: Grief in the Wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring New Approaches from Diverse Perspectives (116 downloads)
Title: The Scream of Silence
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract:
Pages: 7-10
Keywords:
Authors: Mahmood Nafisi
File: The Scream of Silence (81 downloads)
Title: The Association Between Social Skills, Grief and Resilience among Palestinian University Students Throughout the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Palestine
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract: Previous studies have demonstrated that social skills and resilience could be predictive factors in coping with traumatic grief among youth throughout the COVID-19 pandemic; however, the current study variables have not been examined among Palestinian university students. This correlational study was the first to test the relationship between social skills, resilience and grief among Palestinian university students throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. The sample consisted of 412 university students; 264 females and 148 males, recruited from online advertisements, e-mail campaigns and social media. Findings revealed that social skills were negatively correlated with grief, and positively correlated with resilience; while resilience correlated negatively with traumatic grief. Further studies are recommended to test the relationship between current study variables and other related variables such as wellbeing, social support and psychological adjustment. This study also emphasizes the importance of developing intervention programs that focus on reinforcing social skills which may improve psychological resilience among university students during pandemics.
Pages: 8-23
Keywords: Social skills; Grief; Resilience, COVID-19; Palestine
Authors: Fayez Mahamid & Dana Bdier
File: The Association Between Social Skills, Grief and Resilience among Palestinian University Students Throughout the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Palestine (90 downloads)
Title: Staff Respite Units for Healthcare Providers during COVID-19
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed significant challenges for the community at large, and especially for healthcare providers (HCP). They faced new and unprecedented stressors, which affected both their work and home lives. The pandemic has been pervasive and requires a strong and sustainable workforce who risked possible personal infection, feared infecting loved ones felt overwhelmed by dying patients, and endured long working hours. Staff Respite Units were created to offer HCP the opportunity to find a serene place within their busy, stressful clinical settings, and to support them in various ways – hydrate, think, meditate, laugh, connect, and show them that they were supported and valued. The Staff Respite Units were based on addressing Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Six Staff Respite Units were deployed in a major tertiary healthcare center in Ontario Canada, comprised of two general hospitals, a cancer care hospital and rehabilitation institutes. The need for the centers was evident as shown through staff attendance: > 100 visits per day at larger sites, >3000 visits per week, and >17,500 per month, and positive feedback from staff. Specific strategies and resources were found to be effective in providing support for the overwhelmed mind, tired body, and grieving HCPs. Our experience with Staff Respite Units from the use of the Incident Management System (IMS), the education of Staff Respite Unit staff, selection of supportive activities and HCP feedback can be used as a framework for other healthcare systems or industries during critical times.
Pages: 24-39
Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, Health Care Providers, Staff Wellbeing, Best Practice, Staff Respite Units, Grief
Authors: Heather Gordon, Rima Styra, & Natasha Bloomberg
File: Staff Respite Units for Healthcare Providers during COVID-19 (151 downloads)
Title: It Is Not Just A Pandemic: How The COVID-19 Mega-Crisis Affects Grief
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated all aspects of society. Globally, the coronavirus disease has infected and killed millions of people, resulting in a lockdown that disrupted all major financial markets and economies, healthcare systems, and most social opportunities. As attention and resources have been allocated to address these immediate challenges, little is discussed about their impacts on grief, suicide, and mental health. While recent studies show correlations between financial loss and overall psychosocial well-being as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been little exploration into how these factors drive and impact other interconnected crises. Grounded on system thinking, this paper examines the psychosocial consequences of COVID-19 on marginalized individuals, many of whom have been disproportionately affected by additional and often compounding economic, social, political, and health challenges since the onset of COVID-19. To untangle the complexities and interactions between and across these challenges, it is argued that impacts of COVID-19 far exceed the boundaries of taxonomy used in prior events such as the 2008 financial crisis, or the 2003 SARS epidemic. Therefore, the term mega-crisis is used to classify COVID-19 as a system that consists of numerous crises; with each part deeply interconnected to one another, consisting of unique drivers, responses, and impacts.
Pages: 40-54
Keywords: COVID-19, Grief, Suicide, Mega-Crisis, Systems Thinking, Recession, Mental Health
Authors: Sep Pashang
File: It Is Not Just A Pandemic: How The COVID-19 Mega-Crisis Affects Grief (91 downloads)
Title: A Reflection on Racial Injustice and (Black) Anticipatory Grief Compounded by COVID-19
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract:  This reflection is a deeply intimate and personal expression about living through an unprecedented moment in time. The impact of a global health crisis amidst an ongoing search for racial justice has made this writing one of the most profound experiences that I have ever encountered. It is within this work that I found a silent strength to carry on my work for a better, more just tomorrow – a world where Black, Indigenous and all racialized people experience true emancipation in all aspects of their lives.
Pages: 55-71
Keywords: Anticipatory Grief, COVID-19, Black Lives Matter, Racism, Dementia
Authors: Rai Reece
File: A Reflection on Racial Injustice and (Black) Anticipatory Grief Compounded by COVID-19 (76 downloads)
Title: Unmasking Dimensions of Grief During COVID-19: The Long-Term Care Crisis
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract: COVID-19 is a serious, viral infectious disease. With its global spread on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a state of global emergency. COVID-19 continues to rapidly sweep across Canada, resulting in more than 10,000 deaths as of October 2020 (Lao & Jackson, 2020). Over 80% of deaths have occurred among older adults in Long-Term Care (LTC) facilities (Canadian Institute for Health Information, June 2020). LTC is described as a range of preventive care and support offered by not-for-profit and for-profit providers within facilities, that address the needs of older adults. Older adults in LTC facilities often have complex health conditions and multiple comorbidities, resulting in a group at high risk of contracting the virus. The Public Health Agency of Canada’s introduction of physical distancing regulations, in an effort to mitigate the spread of the virus, has unfortunately proven ineffective at lowering the mortality rate of older adults within LTC. This article reveals the ways in which COVID-19 has increased the risks for older adults in LTC, by examining the impact of inadequate staffing and medical supplies within some for-profit LTC facilities. The article will further explore the impact of the unfortunate loss of life and grieving processes among affected family members and broader communities.
Pages: 72-86
Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, Older Adults, Long Term Care, Collective Grief, Social
Authors: Salma Jaffer
File: Unmasking Dimensions of Grief During COVID-19: The Long-Term Care Crisis (79 downloads)
Title: Reflective Practice: Woodingford Lodge Long-Term Care Home
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has presented many concerns to society in general, and the population of Long-Term Care in specific. Here at Woodingford Lodge, a non-profit municipal long-term home, we devoted all efforts as has every other Long-Term Care home in Ontario to ensure the safety and security of our residents, staff and visitors. This paper is a reflective practice on the impact of COVID-19 at Woodingford Lodge long-term home (LTC) at the three levels; Individual (residents), Social (family and friends), and the broader Community. Located in the County of Oxford, WoodingFord Lodge works in close partnership with Southwestern Public Health and other stakeholders to ensure compassionate and resident-centered care is provided to residents throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.
Pages: 87-95
Keywords: COVID-19, Long-Term Care, Woodingford Lodge, Residents’ Needs, Best Practices, Family Transition Program
Authors: Mark Dager
File: Reflective Practice: Woodingford Lodge Long-Term Care Home (67 downloads)
Title: Mourning the loss of subjective temporal continuity: A personal reflection
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract: Covid led to a disruption of subjective time experience – an abyss which separates Covid and pre-Covid time. Temporal memory has become unreliable, putting into question which other memories can no longer be trusted.
Pages: 96-98
Keywords: Grief, Covid-19, Loss
Authors: Margrit Eichler
File: Mourning the loss of subjective temporal continuity: A personal reflection (91 downloads)
Title: Communication, Grief and Life Style Under Covid-19 within the Iranian Context
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract: Given the outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) disease and its global impact on all dimensions of life, the present paper investigates two important dimensions, namely “lifestyle” and “culture”, in order to explore discourses of grief. The importance of empathy, and the different roles and applications of cyberspace, social media, and social networks during the quarantine period, specifically within the Iranian context, will be discussed. COVID-19 has challenged the appropriateness and application of existing theories within the humanities and social sciences. One important theory is Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (1943), specifically, the highest needs of self-actualization (Lester, 2013). Self-actualization is materialized when meeting psychological, safety and security, social, and self-esteem needs. COVID-19 has interrupted these hierarchy of needs, leaving people worldwide struggling for their survival, and recovering from a sense of safety and security. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has subjected people’s lifestyle and culture to change; from methods of coping with grief and loss, alongside other consumerist choices, preferences, and behaviors. Developments in computer and information technologies over the last few decades have shed light to the role of social media and social networks as an alternative for interpersonal relationships. During COVID-19, this role continues to evolve as an important substitute for maintaining social connections.
Pages: 99-109
Keywords: COVID-19; Lifestyle; Culture; Grief; Empathy, Social Media, Social Networks
Authors: Nastaran Khajehnoori
File: Communication, Grief and Life Style Under Covid-19 within the Iranian Context (70 downloads)
Title: Demystifying Discourses of Death, Burial and Grief in Light of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Abstract: On January 8th, 2020, with the downing of Ukraine International Airlines flight PS752 in the outskirts of Tehran, Iran’s capital city, Canadians mourned alongside surviving families – a pain that was not theirs – while facing the complexities of death, repatriation, and bereavement among its diverse populations. Paradoxically, this understanding soon became a lived reality for some Canadians in the wake of the country’s state of emergency as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. With the sudden cancellation of most international flights, some travelling Canadians succumbed to the virus abroad, leaving family members with the challenge of repatriating the deceased’s remains. In addition, the imposition of social distancing regulations interrupted spiritual, cultural and religious funerals and memorial services for family members of over12,000 Canadians who had lost their lives in the country to the virus. Bereaved family members were left with no option but to either delay burial, or mourn in isolation (Goodkind, 2020; Mercer, 2020). In times of adversary, our resilience and collective agency helped us practice new methods of grieving. At the present time, funerals have relied on virtual tools to provide a forum for collective mourning (Ahsan, 2020). Individuals have also relied on social media to share their pains and commemorate their loved ones. Professional bereavement services continue to explore virtual services.
Pages: 110-119
Keywords: Grief, Covid-19, Death, Repatriation, Resilience
Authors: Soheila Pashang & Masood Zangeneh
File: Demystifying Discourses of Death, Burial and Grief in Light of the COVID-19 Pandemic (79 downloads)

Volume Two- Issue One

Title: Table of Contents
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
File: TOC.pdf (216 downloads)
Title: Editorial – Call for a Canadian Public Mental Health System: Transformative Change amid a Global Pandemic
Volume:  2
Issue: 1
Abstract:
Pages: 1-2
Keywords:
Authors: Nazilla Khanlou
File: Public-Mental-Health_Khanlou.pdf (583 downloads)
Title: Effects of therapeutic cannabis on simulated driving: A pilot study
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: Although medical cannabis has been available to Canadians since 2001, there is little research on the effects of cannabis on driving in individuals who use cannabis medically. This pilot study sought to determine the effects of therapeutic cannabis use on simulated driving. Methods: Eligible participants reported daily use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes, with a medical authorization. Prior to the test session, participants were asked not to smoke their regular dose. Participants (n=14) completed self-report questionnaires, including subjective effects questionnaires (visual analog scales), the Addiction Research Centre Inventory (ARCI), and Profile of Mood States (POMS), and provided blood (for determination of THC and metabolites). They also drove a simulator both before and after smoking their usual daily dose of cannabis. Outcome measures on simulated driving consisted of overall mean speed, straightaway mean speed, straightaway lateral control, and brake latency. Speed and lateral control were also measured under cognitive load. Results: After smoking cannabis, overall mean speed was reduced. No effects of therapeutic cannabis were found on straightaway mean speed or straightaway lateral control for either condition (standard or cognitive load) or on brake latency. After smoking therapeutic cannabis in the lab, changes in speed and lateral control were negatively correlated with the amount of cannabis smoked per day. Prior to smoking therapeutic cannabis in the lab, under baseline conditions, speed and lateral control under cognitive load were also correlated with the amount of cannabis used per day. Therapeutic cannabis use increased subjective reports and blood levels of THC and metabolites. Conclusions: The present study suggests that, even with repeated daily use, cannabis consumption among therapeutic users may alter driving behavior. This has implications for road safety and use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes.
Keywords: cannabis; driving; medicinal cannabis; weaving; speed
Pages: 3-13
Authors: Patricia Di Ciano, Ana Matamoros, Justin Matheson, Andrew Fares, Hayley A. Hamilton, Christine M. Wickens, Tara Marie Watson, Robert E. Mann, Bernard Le Foll, Patrick A. Byrne, & Bruna Brands
File: Letter-to-the-Editor.-Therapeutic-Cannabis-on-Simulated-Driving.pdf (859 downloads)
Title: Mental health of Irish students: Self-criticism as a complete mediator in mental health attitudes and caregiver identity
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: Mental health is a concern in the Republic of Ireland, and in particular the mental health of higher education students is challenging. Further, their poor mental health may be negatively impacted by their negative mental health attitudes and caregiver identity, which can yield high self-criticism and low self-reassurance. Accordingly, this study aimed to (i) elucidate the relationships among these five constructs, and (ii) assess the impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance in the relationship between (a) mental health attitudes and mental health, and (b) between caregiver identity and mental health. One-hundred and twenty-nine Irish undergraduate students completed self-report measures regarding these constructs. Correlation and path analyses were conducted. Overall, all variables were related to each other, and in particular family-related shame subscales were strongly related to mental health problems. In path analysis, self-criticism completely mediated the relationship between mental health attitudes and mental health, while self-reassurance did not. Likewise, self-criticism also completely mediated the relationship between caregiver identity and mental health, while self-reassurance did not. The findings suggest the importance of self-criticism to students’ mental health. While current literature highlights the importance of mental health attitudes such as stigma and caregiver identity (a strong sense of identity as someone who offers care), our results indicated that it was their self-criticism that predicted poor mental health. As such, their mental health may be more effectively improved by targeting self-criticism. Compassion training, peer-support groups, and reframing were recommended to counter self-criticism. Our findings will help educators and researchers identify alternative and more effective means of improving mental health in Irish students.
Pages: 14-26
Keywords: Student, mental health, caregiver, identity
Authors: Yasuhiro Kotera & Geraldine Maughan
File: Mental health of Irish students (243 downloads)
Title: A Case Report of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for a Japanese Female Patient Suffering from Migraine
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: Despite its prevalence, migraine was not regarded as a problematic disease until 2000. This third most common disease in the world is also common in Japan. While effective treatment and interventions are introduced in manuals and guidelines in the West, helpful information to treat migraine targeting Japanese patients is still scarce. Accordingly, this clinical note reports a Japanese female who suffered from long-term migraine. Similar to many Western cases, approaches based on cognitive behavioural therapy were deemed effective in this client’s case as well. Empirical evaluation was recommended.
Keywords: cognitive behavioural therapy; migraine; comorbid; psychiatric
Pages: 27-34
Authors: Kenichi Asano & Yasuhiro Kotera
File: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for a Japanese Female Patient Suffering from Migraine (229 downloads)
Title: “Maybe once I find a good job, I will be better”: Seeking Mental Healthcare in Little Bangladesh, Toronto, Canada
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: In order to inform the development of culturally safe models of mental healthcare and promotion, this concurrent mixed methods study explored the following research questions: 1) What are the characteristics of community members with positive attitudes toward seeking mental health services and 2) What are the barriers and promoters of mental health service access for Bangladeshi immigrants living in the “Little Bangladesh” locale in Toronto, Canada which has one of the highest rates of people seeking mental health care in the city. Method: Participants were surveyed in the quantitative phase (n = 47) using a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Inventory of Attitudes Toward Seeking Mental Health Services (IASMHS) and interviewed during the qualitative phase (n = 20). Results: The quantitative phase found that male gender, attending school in Canada, and being employed in one’s field of study/work were associated with more positive attitudes toward seeking mental healthcare. Lack of economic integration, mental health awareness and education, mental health literacy, and the presence of community mental health stigma were identified as the major barriers toward seeking care in the qualitative phase. Conclusion and Implication: After merging phases, the common factor that emerged from both legs of the study was the stressor of economic insecurity during the migration and resettlement process and how that acts as a barrier to seeking mental healthcare. Participants recommended a multi-pronged, targeted mental health outreach campaign to facilitate economic integration for new immigrants, address mental health stigma, promote available mental health resources, and develop new models of care.
Pages: 35-55
Keywords: Mental health service access, immigrant, Bangladeshi diaspora, acculturative stress, financial insecurity, stress
Authors: Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, & Hala Tamim
File: JCD-Seeking-Mental-Healthcare-in-Little-Bangladesh.pdf (206 downloads)
Title: Beyond Simulation – Therapeutic Cannabis and Driving
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract:
Keywords:
Pages: 56-57
Authors: Richard Isralowitz
File: Beyond Simulation–Therapeutic Cannabis and Driving.pdf (191 downloads)
Title: The fear of COVID-19 and its role in preventive behaviours
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: The economic and psychosocial consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic have been far-reaching and unprecedented around the world. These circumstances appear to have had profound psychological effects on all individuals worldwide. One psychological aspect of the COVID-19 pandemic is fear. This brief paper argues that assessing fear is important and is the key reason we co-developed the ‘Fear of COVID-19 Scale’ (FCV-19S). It is argued that without knowing the level of fear about COVID-19 among different groups by specific socio-demographic variables (e.g., gender, age, education, ethnicity, religiosity, etc.) and/or different psychological factors (e.g., personality type) it is difficult to know whether education and prevention programs are needed, and if they are needed which groups to target and where. The collation and application of such data could be used to devise targeted education and/or prevention programs to help overcome fear of COVID-19 and help such individuals to engage in preventative behaviors.
Keywords: COVID-19; coronavirus 2019; fear; Fear of COVID-19 Scale; psychology of fear; fear prevention
Pages: 58-63
Authors: Amir H. Pakpour & Mark D. Griffiths
File: JCR-COVID-19-Fear.pdf (1570 downloads)
Title: Psychological Torture, Coronavirus, and Julian Assange
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: Psychological and psychiatric understanding of human functioning is socially, culturally, and politically situated. Changes in the disciplines’ academic and practical emphasis over time, including construal of normality, often follow advocacy and awareness-raising in the public domain. The present commentary argues that in recent months the issue of psychological torture has undergone just such a transformation, driven by developments in the case of imprisoned WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. On May 31, 2019, the UN Rapporteur on torture reported that Julian Assange showed all symptoms typical for prolonged exposure to psychological torture. Since that time, efforts to end Julian Assange’s persecution and torture, along with parallel developments in the human rights field, have brought increasing coherence and clarity to conceptual and applied issues regarding psychological torture. Specifically, sharper focus has been brought to bear on the key components or techniques of psychological torture, the psychological processes targeted for abuse, and the mechanisms of harm. Due in part to Julian Assange’s exposure to such torture techniques, and the medical vulnerabilities caused, his life is currently at imminent risk from coronavirus infection in prison, where he is being held as an un-sentenced prisoner on remand. The present paper argues that the paucity of coherent psychological and psychiatric frameworks within which to understand and communicate about psychological torture has facilitated this very development. Accordingly, it is past time for psychological and psychiatric bodies to end their silence on the psychological torture of Julian Assange.
Pages: 64-73
Keywords: Psychological torture; Covid-19; Coronavirus; Julian Assange
Authors: Lissa Johnson
File: Psychological-torture-coronavirus-and-Julian-Assange.pdf (845 downloads)
Title: Nurses Respond to COVID-19 Pandemic: Mental Health Support for Frontline Nurses
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract:
Pages: 74-76
Keywords: COVID-19, mental health, addiction, gender-based violence, Latin America
Authors: Nazilla Khanlou & Brenda E. Orazietti
File: Nurses-Mental-Health_Khanlou_Orazietti-1.pdf (469 downloads)
Title: The COVID-19 Crisis: Latin America and Mental Health Today and Afterwards
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: A recent statement of the Puebla Group highlighted the need for improving public health care and scientific research on health in Latin America due to COVID-19 pandemic. In this commentary, we will discuss the implications for mental health and addictions, and emphasize the need for a health system prepared for the care of mental health problems that may increase beyond COVID-19 pandemic.
Pages: 77-79
Keywords: COVID-19, mental health, addiction, gender-based violence, Latin America
Authors: Karina Conde, Paula Victoria Gimenez, & Tomas Salomon
File: Commentary_conde.pdf (200 downloads)
Title: The Perfectionism Pandemic Meets COVID-19: Understanding the Stress, Distress, and Problems in Living For Perfectionists During the Global Health Crisis
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health crisis that is challenging for everyone. Concerns are being expressed about a pending mental health crisis as people try to cope with their fears, stressors, and life disruptions. In the current commentary and analysis, we examine what we refer to as “the perfectionism pandemic” (i.e. the widespread and growing prevalence of perfectionism) and what it means to be highly perfectionistic and driven during this period of great stress and uncertainty around the world. We present the argument that the nature and experiences associated with the global health crisis are exacerbating the already high levels of stress and distress and complex psychological problems found among vulnerable perfectionists. One key point of emphasis in this article is the enormous burnout and potential trauma experienced by frontline medical personnel who are driven to be perfect and who feel compelled to live up to prescribed expectations and demands to be perfect. We also discuss the impact of periods of social and physical isolation on perfectionistic people who have been already experiencing loneliness and who may have pre-existing difficulties in their interpersonal relationships. We conclude with a series of recommendations for perfectionists in order to help them cope with the pandemic and find better ways of living through the pandemic. Key themes include the humanistic focus on being rather than doing in daily life and the need for an improved life balance that is rooted in interpersonal connections and acceptance of self and others.
Pages: 80-105
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, perfectionism, Work, Burnout
Authors: Gordon L. Flett & Paul L. Hewitt
File: perfectionism.pandemic.pdf (583 downloads)
Title: Mattering as a Vital Support for People During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Benefits of Feeling and Knowing That Someone Cares During Times of Crisis
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health crisis that continues to grow. It is a source of mounting stress and anxiety that is exacting an overwhelming toll on individual people. It is during times like these that psychological resources are just as important as the tangible resources available to people. We focus in this commentary on the key psychological resource of feelings of mattering to other people. Mattering is a core element of the self and identity that is especially relevant during transitions. We present the argument that mattering is a key resource when faced with a broad public health crisis such as the current pandemic. In this commentary, we briefly review the concept of mattering and how it is distinguished from related concepts such as belongingness and social support. We also discuss the vital role of mattering in combating feelings of loneliness and safeguarding the health and mental health of people of all ages at all times but especially when in crisis situations. A substantial focus in our commentary is on the need to promote a sense of mattering in the community and the benefits derived from actions and programs that leave people with a core sense that their community cares about them. More generally, we discuss the public health implications of promoting this sense of mattering and steps that can be taken by individuals, organizations, and governments to mobilize mattering as an essential resource for all people, but especially for those individuals who have felt marginalized and perhaps forgotten. When viewed through a mattering lens, exceptional acts of selflessness, volunteerism, and altruism are reframed as acts of mattering that underscore the importance of both having value and giving value to others during times of crisis.
Pages: 106-123
Keywords: Mattering; pandemic; covid-19; crisis
Authors: Gordon L. Flett & Masood Zangeneh
File: Flett_mattering.pandemic.pdf (685 downloads)

Volume One- Issue Two

Title: Table of Contents
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  2
File: Table of Contents
Title: Salirophilia and other co-occurring paraphilias in a middle-aged male: A case study
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: Salirophilia is a paraphilic sexual fetish in which individuals experience sexual arousal from soiling or disheveling the object of their desire. To date, there has been no academic or clinical research into salirophilia, and there are no published peer-reviewed papers – not even a single case study. Therefore, this paper presents the first case study account of a salirophile, a 58-year-old heterosexual male. The areas of interest that were examined included his background relating to childhood experiences of sex, other cooccurring paraphilic interests, and a detailed overview of his engagement in salirophilic acts. It was found that his interest in salirophilic acts dated back to his childhood, and based on the account given, the behavior is most likely explained by classical conditioning. It was also found that there were many other paraphilic behaviors that co-occurred with salirophilia, including sadism, urophilia, coprophilia, and zoophilia. The case study highlights the importance of online methods in the recruitment of individuals and the collection of data with sexually paraphilic behavior for academic study.
Pages: 1-8
Keywords: salirophile, case, classical conditioning.
Authors: Mark D. Griffiths
File: Salirophilia and other co-occurring paraphilias in a middle-aged male: A case study (180 downloads)
Title: Associations between probable anxiety and mood disorder and measures of alcohol and cannabis use in young, middle-aged and older adults.
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: This study examined the associations of cannabis use, alcohol use and alcohol problems with probable anxiety and mood disorders (AMD) in young, middle-aged and older adults. Method: Data are based on the CAMH Monitor, an ongoing cross-sectional telephone survey of Ontario adults aged 18 years and older. For the purposes of the current study, a merged dataset from the years 2001 through 2009 inclusive was separated into three individual datasets: 18-34 year olds (n=4,211), 35-54 year olds (n=7,874), and 55 years of age and older (n=6,778). The survey included the 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire, which provides a measure of probable AMD for the general population. Logistic regression analyses examined the odds of probable AMD in three age groups associated with alcohol measures (number of drinks per day and alcohol problems (AUDIT 8+)) and cannabis use, while controlling for self-reported physical health, religious service attendance, and demographic factors. Due to listwise deletion, the logistic regression models were based on reduced samples. Results: Lifetime cannabis use and past year cannabis use predicted probable AMD in young and middle-aged adults, but only lifetime cannabis use predicted probable AMD among older adults. Alcohol problems predicted probable AMD among middle aged and older adults, but not among younger adults. No consistent link between recent alcohol consumption and probable AMD was observed. Conclusion: These analyses suggest that the impact of alcohol and cannabis use and problems on probable AMD may differ across age groups.
Pages: 9-19
Keywords: cannabis, anxiety, mood disorders, Ontario, AUDIT.
Authors: Robert E. Mann, Wah Lap Cheung, Gina Stoduto, Christine M. Wickens, Anca R. Ialomiteanu, Chloe Docherty, Roxana Florica, Justin Matheson, Lily Y. Li, & André J. McDonald
File: Associations between probable anxiety and mood disorder and measures of alcohol and cannabis (186 downloads)
Title:  Technology and mutual aid for problem gambling: the past and the future.
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: This paper offers a cursory account of the use of technology and online services by 12-Step peer support groups with a particular focus on support services for problem gamblers. We examine the history of peer support groups and examine the extent to which they have embraced newer technologies. Gamblers Anonymous (GA) has little direct involvement in on-line support. However, GA members operating independently of GA have provided some pioneering peer support. In this paper, we gathered information about GA’s presence online through a cursory literature review, examination of websites, and three semistructured interviews with key informants: two longstanding GA members and one non-member who is nonetheless very active in employing up to date technology to coordinate recovery options for problem gamblers. The benefits of online peer support for problem gamblers is discussed. Accessibility is one example, as some could be available 24 hours a day each day of the week. Another advantage is that many young adults and adolescents favor online options. This also applies to online gamblers. The Internet options we have uncovered are run mostly by GA members, typically without official GA sanction.
Pages: 20-30
Keywords: Gamblers Anonymous, online services, accessibility.
Authors: Peter Ferentzy, Sherald Sanchez, & Nigel E. Turner
File: Technology and mutual aid for problem gambling: the past and the future. (190 downloads)
Title: Perseverance and addiction processes: Clues to identify exercise addicts
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: Physical activity is one of the most important resources used to promote health habits and well-being through a controlled and regular practice. Nevertheless, it is increasingly clear that in the area of sports, cases of excessive practice are becoming more prevalent, therefore normalizing the appearance of addictive behaviors. Previous studies on this topic highlight the importance of personality and the presence of different traits in identifying the appearance of this behavioral pattern. Taking into account all this information and the meaning of grit (perseverance and passion), one of the most emerging traits in the field of personality, we selected a sample of CrossFit and endurance sports practitioners (133 athletes; 34.59% women and 65.41% men) to understand the possible association between exercise addiction and grit, which could be affected by some indicators such as ambition and satisfaction in this relationship. A t-test, correlation analysis (Pearson), and linear regression (backward method) showed that the factor of Perseverance is positively correlated with addiction, and the other factor of grit, Consistency of Interest, did not present any kind of relationship. This seems to indicate that Perseverance is a trigger for addiction, while Consistency may help to self-regulate this behavior. In addition, younger athletes showed higher indicators of ambition to achieve their goals and a higher risk of exercise addiction, whereas gaining more experience with sports could facilitate the development of grit.
Pages: 31-46
Keywords: sports, exercise, CrossFit.
Authors: Gonzalez-Hernandez, J. Nogueira, A., & Lorenzo, O.
File: Perseverance and addiction processes: Clues to identify exercise addicts (161 downloads)
Title: The relationship between problem gambling and substance use among American adolescents
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: Adolescence is a developmental period marked by increased engagement in risky behaviors, including substance use and gambling. Previous research has consistently shown an increased risk of problem gambling among people with substance use disorders, however few studies have addressed the differences in problem gambling across the various substance types. Using data from the 2018 Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services (ADAMHS) Board/Wood County Educational Service Center Survey on Alcohol and Other Drug Use among junior high and high school adolescents in Wood County, Ohio, this study sought to understand the relationship and comorbidity levels between various substances used and problem gambling among American adolescents. Further, the current study aimed to test the effects of substance use on the likelihood of being identified as a problem gambler. Results indicated that individuals at-risk or reporting gambling problems were significantly more likely to regularly smoke marijuana, ingest painkillers, consume alcohol, and engage in binge drinking. Additionally, adolescents who regularly consumed alcohol or painkillers were twice as likely to be identified as being at-risk for a gambling problem. This study sheds light on the importance of assessing for comorbid addictive disorders in order to optimize treatment options for adolescents.
Pages: 47-56
Keywords: Gambling, risky behaviors, substance use, adolescents.
Authors: Loredana A. Marchica, Tina Giordano, William Ivoska, & Jeffrey L. Derevensky
File: The relationship between problem gambling and substance use among American adolescents (169 downloads)
Title: The Prevalence, Communicability and Co-Occurrence of Inverted Hallucinations: An Overlooked Global Public Health Concern
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: While scientific understanding concerning the role of biological pathogenic agents in the transmission of communicable diseases has increased markedly in recent decades, the possibility of a psychological pathogenic agent that underlies the transmission of a number of key global public health concerns has largely been overlooked. The present paper identifies inverted hallucinations as a novel category of hallucination that not only reflect a key public health concern in their own right, but also appear to play an active role in the gradual transmission of diseases traditionally deemed to be non-communicable, such as mental health problems, obesity, and social media addiction. More specifically, the present paper delineates the assumptions and indicative empirical support underlying inverted hallucination theory as well as the characteristic features, functional consequences, prevalence, communicability, and co-occurrence of inverted hallucinations in the general population. Inverted hallucinations appear to be both globally prevalent and communicable, and are estimated to affect the average person on at least an occasional basis. Inverted hallucinations cause individuals to succumb to states of mind wandering that distorts their perception of what is happening in the present moment and increases their susceptibility to other deleterious health conditions. Moreover, inverted hallucinations appear to reflect a key overlooked public health need that not only stunt human potential and quality of life but also pose a risk to the wellbeing of the population globally
Pages: 57-63
Keywords: inverted hallucinations, co-occurrence, public health.
Authors: William Van Gordon, Supakyada Sapthiang, Déborah Ducasse, & Edo Shonin
File: The Prevalence, Communicability and Co-Occurrence of Inverted Hallucinations (166 downloads)
Title: Screening for comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders using the Standard for Clinicians’ Interview in Psychiatry (SCIP)
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: The Standard for Clinicians’ Interview in Psychiatry (SCIP) is a clinician-administered valid and reliable semi-structured diagnostic interview for adult psychiatric disorders. The SCIP Screening Module includes 30 questions and covers 18 adult psychiatric disorders: generalized anxiety, panic, agoraphobia, social phobia, obsessive-compulsive, posttraumatic, major depressive, dysthymic, bipolar, schizoaffective, schizophrenia, attention deficit/hyperactivity, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating, alcohol use, drug use, and somatic symptom disorders. The SCIP Screening Module has been used in clinical assessments, was found to have high sensitivity as a screening tool in a primary-care population, and has the potential to be useful in screening for mental disorders in a general population.
Pages:
Keywords: SCIP, diagnostic interview, psychiatric disorders.
Authors: Ahmed Aboraya
File: Screening for comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders (168 downloads)
Title: Table of Contents
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
File: Table of Contents
Title: Editorial
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract: Welcome
Pages: 1
Keywords:
Authors:  Masood Zangeneh
File: Editorial- Issue One (154 downloads)
Title:  The Relationship Between Internet Addiction and Problem Behaviors Amongst Hong Kong Adolescents: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:    1
Abstract:  Both Internet addiction and adolescent risk behaviors are worldwide public health concerns. Unfortunately, their relationship is grossly under-researched. Adopting a longitudinal research design, this study examined the longitudinal association between Internet addiction and problem behaviors among adolescents in Hong Kong and tested whether early Internet addiction predicted later adolescent problem behaviors. A total of 2,669 junior secondary school students completed three waves of questionnaires testing their Internet addiction behavior and other problem behaviors including drug use, self-harm, suicidal behaviors, delinquency behaviors, and compensated dating. Chi-square analysis showed that Internet addicted students had a high probability to display these problem behaviors at each wave. Logistic regression analyses suggest that early Internet addiction was a precursor of later problem behaviors among adolescents. The results shed light on the relationship between Internet addiction and adolescent problem behaviors, and provide reference for prevention and intervention of these problem behaviors.
Pages: 2-22
Keywords: Internet addiction, adolescent risk behaviors, comorbidity, Chinese adolescents
Authors:  Daniel Tan-lei Shek, Lu Yu, & Wenyu Chai
File: Relationship Between Internet Addiction and Problem Behaviors Amongst Hong Kong Adolescents (197 downloads)
Title:  Gambling, Problem Gambling, and Attitudes Toward Gambling in a Sample of College Students
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract:  The present study explored gambling prevalence and attitudes toward gambling among college students. A sample of 274 Humber College students participated in an online survey from September 15th to December 15th, 2013. The survey included a scale to measure problem gambling as well as questions regarding attitudes toward gambling. The study found that 9.9% of college students were classified as moderate problem gamblers and 2.2% were classified as having a severe gambling problem. In terms of attitudes, 59.9 % of participants believed that gambling is morally wrong, and 69% felt that gambling does more harm than good; however, 81% believed that all types of gambling should be legal. For the harm and morality questions, problem gamblers had more negative attitudes towards gambling. The study also indicated significantly higher scores on the PGSI/CPGI for males in comparison to females. The results suggest that problem gambling is more common amongst college students than in the general adult population.
Pages: 23-42
Keywords: problem gambling, college students, morality, views on legality
Authors:  Aqeel Saeid, Slobodan Petrovski, Kathryn Shea, Jing Shi, Peter Ferentzy, Sarah Cool, & Nigel Turner
File: Gambling, Problem Gambling, and Attitudes (194 downloads)
Title: The rise of opioid overdose: Is availability of Naloxone within the community the answer we need?
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 1
Abstract: Rates of substance use and overdose are continually on the rise within our communities. Recent events highlight the increase rate of opioid overdose in particular and reflect current trends of a two-fold increase in such an event. Opioids are problematic as they can be prescribed legally or gained illegally. Symptoms of opioid overdose can be reversed with the provision of naloxone. Rising prices for naloxone may prevent organizations from carrying large quantities of it, which is problematic given recent events. As there is no typical presentation of opioid addiction or those with concurrent mental health issues, the influence or effect of each on the individual and with each other should be examined in their entirety. Different types of treatment are examined, as well as several of the strengths and limitations of ea
Pages: 43-52
Keywords: Opioid use, naloxone, treatment models
Authors: Thalia MacMillan
File: The rise of opioid overdose (142 downloads)
Title: Shame to Resilience: Trauma-informed Perspectives on Maternal Substance Use
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract: Objective. The objective of this article is to discuss the multifaceted complexity of maternal substance use and trauma histories. Methods. Overview of the impact of opioid use in maternal age women is provided, as well as its impact on families. Two case examples are presented to highlight the major barriers these women encounter in entering treatment. Results. The use of two theories, shame-resilience (SRT) and self-determination (SDT) is also discussed as a possible framework to engage pregnant women and promote recovery and healing from trauma histories. Conclusion. Providing trauma-informed, gender-specific treatment using these theoretical frameworks has the potential for transformational growth and recovery for this multifarious population. Implications. To provide the necessary comprehensive, coordinated, and compassionate care from multiple disciplines, continued training on trauma-informed, genderspecific treatment is recommended.
Pages: 53-74
Keywords: Resilience, substance Use, opioid, maternal.
Authors: Heather Howard
File: Shame to Resilience (174 downloads)
Title:  The Impact of Gambling on Families in Hong Kong: The Role of Family Functioning
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract: Despite substantial evidence that problem gambling is associated with a wide range of family difficulties, limited effort has been devoted to studying the negative impacts on family members as a result of problem gambling, particularly in Chinese communities. It was hypothesized that significant negative relationships would be found between family member impacts and family functioning; and significant positive relationship would be found between family functioning and health and psychological wellbeing. A total of 103 family members of problem gamblers who sought help from Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Even Centre in Hong Kong were interviewed. Results showed that a majority of family members were partners or ex-partners of the gambler with low or no income. Family functioning was negatively correlated to gambling-related family impacts and psychological distress, and was positively correlated to health and psychological wellbeing. The results provide preliminary support for patterns of family functioning that could protect families from negative impacts of addictions. It is suggested that a culturally-sensitive treatment modality that focuses on enhancing family functioning will facilitate improvement in gambling related family impacts.
Pages: 75-109
Keywords: Family Functioning, Impact of Problem Gambling, Families, Chinese, Hong Kong
Authors: Elda Mei Lo Chan, Nicki A. Dowling, Alun C. Jackson, & Daniel Tan-lei Shek
File: The Impact of Gambling on Families in Hong Kong (209 downloads)
Title:  Binge Drinking among Residential Program Youth in Israel: Toward an Understanding of Predictors for Policy and Prevention
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 1
Abstract: Alcohol use is attributed to about 25% of the total deaths among youth and young adults. Harmful alcohol use among youth has been overshadowed by the preoccupation with widespread use of other substances including cannabis and prescription drugs. A crosssectional cohort of 1,327 residential program and high school youth were compared regarding binge drinking habits and risk factors. Data was collected from 2004 to 2016. Residential program youth binge drinking predictors were substance abuse within the last month, alcohol availability, causing harm to others (e.g., fighting, stealing and possessing a weapon), unstructured day activity, and being a passenger in a car where the driver had been drinking. Binge drinking predictors among high school were smoking within the last month and alcohol availability. Effective risk behavior prevention involves a wide range of factors including the need to control alcohol access among those under the legal drinking age. An eco-systems approach involving youth and people they are in contact with is a viable prevention approach. However, conflicting personal and economic factors regarding alcohol use, among others, are a daunting barrier to overcome.
Pages: 110-127
Keywords: Binge drinking, cannabis, prescription drugs, residential program, high school
Authors: Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik, & Masood Zangeneh
File: Binge Drinking among Residential Program Youth in Israel (126 downloads)
Title: Common Myths in the Behavioral Addiction Field
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract: There is no shortage of controversy and debates within the field of behavioral addiction. In this paper, five myths are outlined concerning various behavioral addictions. These are: (i) behavioral addictions can occur concurrently, (ii) addictions such as videogame addiction are associated with other comorbidities and are therefore not separate disorders, (iii) ‘addictions’ are equivalent to ‘disorders’ in DSM-5 and ICD-11 nomenclature, (iv) very excessive behaviors are addictions, and (v) socially condoned excessive activities and activities engaged in willfully cannot be classed as behavioral addictions. It is argued that views based on these myths depend upon how behavioral addictions are defined in the first place. It is concluded that any behavior which has severe and longstanding clinical impairment and comprising core components of addiction (i.e., salience, conflict, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, and relapse) should be conceptualized as a behavioral addiction.
Pages:  128-141
Keywords: Behavioral addiction, DSM-5, ICD-10, myth
Authors:  Mark D. Griffiths
File: Common Myths in the Behavioral Addiction Field (156 downloads)