Negative Emotional States, Satisfaction with Life, and Romantic Relationships in Young Adult Gamers and non-Gamers: An Exploratory Study

Title: Negative Emotional States, Satisfaction with Life, and Romantic Relationships in Young Adult Gamers and nonGamers: An Exploratory Study
Keywords: Gaming, Satisfaction with Life, Negative Emotional States, Romantic Relationships, Young Adult
Authors: Jason Landon, Daniel Shepherd, Sonja Goedeke & Muyuan Li
File: Negative Emotional States, Satisfaction with Life, and Romantic Relationships (15 downloads)

Volume 3 Issue 3

Title: Masthead
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
File: masthead (7 downloads)
Title: Cross validation of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Inventory of Gambling Situations (CAMH-IGS).
Volume:  3
Issue: 3
Abstract: cross-validation of the factor structure of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Inventory of Gambling Situations (CAMH-IGS) is described. The CAMH-IGS is based on a cognitive-behavioural approach and is intended for use in treatment planning to help therapists determine the patterns of behaviour, thoughts or feelings which may trigger problematic gambling, with the goal of developing tailored treatment and relapse-prevention approaches for clients. A sample of 994 gamblers was used to cross validate the factor structure of the CAMH-IGS. The results largely replicated the factor structure of the CAMH-IGS but suggest a small number of changes to the scoring of the CAMH-IGS. An exploratory second order factor structure identified two factors: positive and negative emotional states. Significant mean score differences were identified for subscales based on the client’s sex and age. Taken together, these findings confirm that each of the CAMH-IGS subscales contributes to the situational risk profile of gambling behavior for clients, and underscore the value of a situational profile in treatment planning.
Pages: 1-22
Keywords: Cross-validation, Gambling Situations, Situational Risk, Treatment Planning, Problem Gambling, Gambling Disorder
Author: Nigel E. Turner, Jing Shi, Mark van der Maas, Sylvia Hagopian, Steve Cook, & Tara Elton-Marshall 
File: cross validation CAMH-IGS (13 downloads)
Title: Dual Diagnosis Anonymous (DDA) and the Transition to Online Support During COVID-19.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has been particularly challenging for individuals with concurrent mental health and addiction problems. Like other mutual aid groups, Dual Diagnosis Anonymous (DDA) of Oregon in the US and DDA-UK were forced to suspend face to face meetings during the pandemic. To continue to support its members, DDA began offering online meetings. Objectives: this study explored attendees’ perceived effectiveness, strengths, and limitations of online support within the context of the pandemic. Methods: A total of 92 DDA members from the US (n = 71) and the UK (n = 18) completed an online survey, which included quantitative scales and open questions. Feelings of inclusion in online versus in-person meetings were assessed using an adaptation of the Work Group Inclusion Test (Chung et al., 2020). A supplementary interview was conducted with a DDA facilitator. The open survey questions and the interview were independently thematically analyzed by two investigators. Results: Attendance of meetings significantly increased after the introduction of online meetings (p < 0.001). Approximately half of the participants (51.09%) indicated that DDA online support was the most helpful form of support they received during lockdown; 98.77% of participants agreed that online support should continue after the lockdown. There was no significant difference regarding feelings of inclusion in online versus in-person meetings. Conclusions: Online meetings allowed DDA to go global and provided effective support to people with complex needs during the COVID-19 lockdown. Participants experienced a continuity of inclusion and accessibility due to the online provision. Implications: It is suggested that going forward, online support should continue alongside traditional face to face meetings due to its potential to increase convenience, accessibility, and inclusivity.
Pages: 23-44
Keywords: Dual Diagnosis Anonymous, dual diagnosis, online support, peer support, mutual aid, recovery, addiction, mental illness, mental health, substance misuse, COVID-19, lockdown, 12-steps
Authors:  Raffaella Margherita Milani, Annalise Keller, & Sean Roush
File: Dual Diagnosis Anonymous (DDA) (9 downloads)
Title: Vaping and smoking behaviors among adolescents: Associations with demographic factors and mental health symptoms.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: Vaping behaviors are highly prevalent among adolescents. However, additional research is necessary to identify common risk factors associated with vaping and smoking. This study sought to identify current prevalence rates of vaping and smoking among adolescents while identifying whether rates of engagement in these behaviors differ by gender, age and the presence of mental health symptoms. Methods: 6,393 U.S. adolescents (50.4% male; Mage = 14.74, SD = 1.76) recruited from a representative sample of high schools in Wood County, Ohio, completed a self-report survey in 2019. Using chisquare and logistic regression analyses, the cross-sectional associations between various vaping (nicotine, non-nicotine, cannabis), smoking (cigarettes and cannabis), and multiple product use (smoking and vaping) were investigated by gender, age, and the presence of mental health symptoms (aggression, delinquency, depression and anxiety). Results: Overall, 17.4% of adolescents reported having vaped during the past month. No gender differences were noted among those reporting nicotine and flavor vaping. Males reported higher rates of cannabis vaping. Older adolescents reported higher rates of cannabis vaping while younger adolescents reported higher rates of flavor vaping. Logistic regression analyses revealed that greater levels of delinquency were associated with all forms of vaping, smoking and multiple product use. Whereas greater aggressive symptoms were associated with nicotine and flavor vaping, depressive symptoms were associated with cigarette smoking. Conclusion and Implication: A significant proportion of adolescents report past month vaping, cannabis and cigarette smoking, with the use of these substances being associated with greater mental health symptomatology.
Pages: 45-65
Keywords: Adolescents; Vaping; Cannabis; e-cigarettes; Smoking; Mental Health
Authors: Jérémie Richard, Hanna Warith, William Ivoska, & Jeffrey Derevensky
File:  Vaping and smoking behaviors (13 downloads)
Title: The mapping of emotions in a respiratory illness: Transferability of illness experience from Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension to COVID-19.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: Objectives: Covid-19 poses an existential threat that has increased death anxiety at the individual and societal levels. In prior work, we have examined existential conversations in patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH), an incurable respiratory disease with symptom overlap. In this mixed method study, we analyse the emotional qualities of these conversations in PAH. By understanding the emotions in PAH, we may learn something about the feelings that can also be evoked in people coping with Covid-19. Methods: We interviewed 30 PAH patients from 2016-2018 about the meaning and impact of illness on their lives. We analysed transcripts and audio recordings for heightened emotional moments and categorised the emotional responses and topics that were discussed. A multiple correspondence analysis was conducted to identify the associations between emotions and topics. Clinical illustrations are provided for interpretation. Results: Mean age and illness duration was 52 and 6 years, and 77% were female. Participants had a mean of 5 emotional moments, each lasting on average 20 seconds. Half occurred in the first 20 minutes. Coping with diagnosis and the healthcare system was accompanied by feelings of shock and unfairness; relational issues involving close others evoked complicated feelings of isolation, worthlessness, and self-blame; and the experience of physical limitations and mortality salience elicited much anger and fear. Conclusion: People confronted by the threat of mortality from disease may have powerful feelings that they would benefit from sharing. These emotions are readily expressed because opportunities to discuss them are rare. Psychoeducation about illness experiences may help healthy people to relate to the medically ill and destigmatise the discussion of illness-related concerns. Research on coping with existential distress may be applied to the illness experience of Covid-19.
Pages: 66-81
Keywords: Chronic Lung Disease; Emotion; Existential Distress; Illness Experience; Progressive Illness; Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension; Covid-19
Authors: Emily Slusarek, Vanessa Martin, Tasmie Sarker, Mary A. McCarthy, John Granton, Adrienne Tan, & Chris Lo
File: mapping of emotions (7 downloads)
Title: The Role of Perceived Feelings of Presence and Escapism in Problematic Mukbang Watching Among Emerging Adult Mukbang Watchers.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: A mukbang (“eating broadcast”) is a form of online video entertainment originating in South Korea, where the host eats a large amount of food while interacting with viewers. Recently, mukbang watching has been gaining popularity across the world. A number of studies have suggested that a minority of mukbang watchers may engage in the behavior excessively, problematically and/or addictively. However, there is still a dearth of studies examining the motivational and psychological correlates and health consequences (mental and physical) of problematic mukbang watching. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship of presence and escapism with problematic mukbang watching. Path analysis indicated that social presence associated with problematic mukbang watching, while spatial presence was not.
Pages: 82-86
Keywords: Mukbang; Escapism; Adult
Authors: Kagan Kircaburun, Mustafa Savci, Emrah Emirtekin, & Mark D. Griffiths
File: Role of Perceived Feelings of Presence (8 downloads)
Title: The Association Between Gender-Based Violence, Wellbeing, and Mental Health Outcomes Among Palestinian Women.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: The current study was designed to investigate the association between gender-based violence (GBV), wellbeing, and mental health outcomes among Palestinian women. Methods: A correlational method was used to examine the relationship between study variables. A geographical representation of the female participants showed that 162 were from cities, 69 were from villages, and 18 were from Palestinian camps. Results: Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to test the relationship between GBV, wellbeing, and mental health outcomes. Results showed that GBV was negatively associated with well-being, r = -.20, p < .01, and positively associated with stress, r =.20, p < .01, depression, r =.25, p < .01, and anxiety, r = .14, p < .01. Results also indicated that wellbeing was negatively correlated with stress, r = -.30, p < .01, anxiety, r = -.32, p < .01, and depression, r = -.29, p < .01. Conclusion: The current study supported previous findings demonstrating that GBV is positively correlated with depression, stress, and anxiety, and negatively correlated with well-being among Palestinian women. Further studies concerning risk factors of GBV, the personal characteristics of women who experience GBV, and intervention programs that targeting mental health and well-being issues among women who suffer from GBV are recommended.
Pages: 87-104
Keywords: Gender-Based violence; wellbeing; mental health outcomes; Palestinian women
Authors: Dana Bdier & Fayez Azez Mahamid
File: Association Between Gender-Based Violence (5 downloads)
Title: Traumatic Life Events and Psychological Well-being Among Palestinian Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Resilience.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: Objectives: The current study was designed to investigate the relationship between stressful life events and psychological well-being, along with the mediating role of resilience among Palestinian adolescents. Methods: Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test a conceptual model, where resilience was identified as a mediator, traumatic life events as a predictor and well-being as an outcome variable. Participants were comprised of 240 Palestinian adolescents, 72 males and 168 females. Participants were recruited from online advertisements, e-mail campaigns, SMS campaigns, blogs, and social media. Results: Findings from correlational analyses showed that traumatic life events were negatively correlated with resilience (r =-.485, p < .01), and well-being (r =- .682, p < .01), while resilience was positively correlated with well-being (r =.775, p < .01). Results of structural equation modeling yielded a standardized total effect of resilience on well-being (βX,M = .61; p < .001) . However, this effect was composed of a statistically significant indirect effect (via resilience βX,M, Y = .26 p < .01) and a statistically significant direct effect (βX,Y,M = .35p < .01). The relationship between traumatic life events and psychological well-being was fully mediated by resilience. Conclusion: The current study supported results from previous findings, demonstrating that traumatic life events are negatively associated with psychological well-being and resilience, while resilience was found to be positively associated with psychological well-being. In addition, the relationship between traumatic life events and psychological well-being was mediated by resilience. Further investigation targeting Palestinian adolescents aimed to support psychological well-being and resilience, and alleviate the effects of traumatic life events are recommended.
Pages: 105-117
Keywords: Traumatic life events; Psychological well-being; Resilience; Palestinian adolescents
Authors: Fayez Mahamid, Dana Bdier, & Priscilla Chou
File: Traumatic Life Events palestine (6 downloads)
Title: Experiences of suffering and therapeutic nomadism of Mayan people with seizures in the Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: Background: The indigenous population in Mexico lives in rural areas has great difficulties accessing medical care, and its epidemiological profile differs from the general population, showing greater vulnerability to various illnesses. However, little is known about the impact of the epilepsy within this population. Objective: This study investigated how epilepsy affects indigenous Mexicans by reconstructing the therapeutic itineraries of Tzotzil and Tzeltal people from the Chiapas Highlands who experience seizures. Methods: Through an anthropological approach, combining participant observation and 132 open interviews we document sixteen cases on convulsive crises among Tzotzil and Tzeltal people of the Chiapas Highlands, who were interviewed between 2000 and 2012. Using the three analytical concepts of the experience of suffering, interpretative frames of the sickness and therapeutic nomadism, we analysed the following dimensions: (a) frequency of seizures; (b) health consequences of seizures; (c) disease onset and causes; (d) care trajectories; (e) the impact on the sick and on their family’s life, and (e) mediation of stigma and social discrimination in their experiences and in seeking care. Results: We observed an interweaving of structural and cultural processes that were threatening to the health of indigenous Mexicans. On one hand, there were structural dimensions such as poverty and ethnic discrimination. On the other, we found some problematic cultural dimensions, such as views related to gender, sickness, misfortune, and stigma associated with epilepsy. The interaction of both processes affected health seeking behaviour and health for these individuals, sometimes producing successful responses to cultural and structural oppression, but in most cases lead to uncontrolled convulsions and resulting suffering for them and their caregivers. Conclusion: The ethnographic perspective allowed to elucidate the complexity of broader sociocultural processes, which mediate the therapeutic itineraries of the participants. This underlines the profound neglect and suffering of these people and their caregivers, and the urgent need to carry out public policies that improve the timely diagnosis and care of epilepsy from a culturally and structurally relevant perspective.
Pages: 118-140
Keywords: Epilepsy, Stigma, Indigenous peoples, Mental Illness, Therapeutic Nomadism, Therapeutic Itineraries, Experiences of Suffering
Authors: Enrique Eroza & Rubén Muñoz Martínez
File: Experiences of suffering and therapeutic (9 downloads)
Title: The Anxiety Epidemic Among Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Review, Conceptualization, and Recommendations for Prevention and Intervention.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health crisis and a prolonged stress sequence that is especially challenging for children and adolescents. In the current article, contemporary research evidence is summarized which indicates that the COVID-19 pandemic and associated experiences have contributed to an epidemic of anxiety among children and adolescents. This article summarizes contemporary evidence of the widespread mental health problems being currently experienced by young people. It focuses on how the unique challenges and experiences associated with the global health crisis are exacerbating the already high levels of stress and distress found among young people and contribute to the development of heightened anxiety and complex psychological problems. The anxiety of children and adolescents is interpreted uniquely through the lens of the nteractional model of trait and state anxiety and its emphasis on multiple facets of trait-based vulnerabilities. This conceptual analysis underscores the need for additional theory-driven approaches that move beyond description and seek to explain anxiety and associated mental health concerns. The article concludes with a discussion of key themes to address in broad prevention and intervention efforts designed to help young people adapt to life during and after the pandemic. Key themes include developing a sense of perceived controllability, promoting a growth mindset, heightening mindfulness, fostering hope, increasing protective psychosocial resources such as mattering to others, and emphasizing adaptability as a distinct form of resilience.
Pages: 141-169
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, children, adolescents, adaptability, resilience, anxiety, depression
Author: Gordon Flett
File: Anxiety Epidemic Among Children (6 downloads)
Title: Resilience Intervention for Families of Autistic Children: Reviewing the Literature.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: Given the rising diagnostic rates of autism, it is imperative to investigate the well-being of families with autistic children. Families of autistic children report more mental health difficulties than families of typically developing children. Resilience is identified as a key protective factor for mental health difficulties in many populations, and research suggests that this construct is effective for coping with mental health difficulties in families of autistic children. However, reviews on resilience interventions for families of autistic children are lacking. Accordingly, this paper aims to report (a) common mental health difficulties that families of autistic children experience, (b) how resilience may reduce mental health difficulties, (c) interventions to enhance resilience in families of autistic children, and (d) discuss implications for practice and future research. Our review identified that mental distress resulting from feelings of uncertainty and helplessness following a diagnosis, in addition to caregiving stressors, is especially common among families of autistic children. Enhancing resilience is suggested to reduce those difficulties by tapping into strengths related to various positive psychological resources such as internal locus of control, positive cognitive appraisal, acceptance and self-efficacy. Interventions such as Dance Movement Psychotherapy and spirituality-based approaches, are deemed especially helpful to families of autistic children. However, research in this area is still underdeveloped, and there is a pressing need to build a more rigorous evidence base. Findings reviewed in the current work can aid families of autistic children, healthcare practitioners, and researchers to support the mental wellbeing of families of autistic children, which in turn would support the wellbeing of autistic children.
Pages: 170-186
Keywords: family stress; autism; uncertainty; hopelessness; mental wellbeing
Authors:  Yasuhiro Kotera, Melanie Pope, James Chircop, Ann Kirkman, Laura Bennett-Viliardos, & Shereen Sharaan
File: Resilience Intervention for Families of Autistic Children (6 downloads)
Title: Editorial: Where does the field of gaming addiction studies need to go next?
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: Problematic gaming has been considered an issue of mental health (e.g., addiction) and ‘Gaming Disorder’ has been formally recognized in the 11th revision of the International Classification of Disease. This editorial argues that now is perhaps a good time to shift the focus from ‘disorder’ to ‘gaming’. Learning about the practice of gaming more holistically is one way to refine and extend attained knowledge in terms of our understanding of problematic gaming. A key aspect of gaming that needs to be explored is the current state of gaming, which can more likely be addressed from a game studies perspective as opposed to a purely psychological perspective. This editorial posits a number of key questions and approaches which could take the gaming addiction field forward from a more interdisciplinary perspective.
Pages: 187-192
Keywords: Player-researcher Perspective, Gaming, Problem Gambling, Problem Gambling, Gambling Disorder
Authors: Ioannis Gkasionis, Daria J. Kuss, & Mark D. Griffiths
File: Where does the field of gaming addiction (9 downloads)
Title: Teaching Healthcare Professional Students in Online Learning during COVID-19: Reflection of University Lecturers.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: Online education has been regarded as a lifeline for many education institutions during the COVID-19 pandemic, offering students a means to advance their education and career. While face-to-face teaching universities convert their education curricula to the online settings, many institutions lack effective online teaching strategies, leading to reduced student enrolment and satisfaction. Contrarily, we have been receiving an ever-increasing number of healthcare professional students in our learning department since the outbreak, while maintaining high satisfaction. These students work as registered professional key workers and study online. Among numerous measures taken to support this student group, this short paper reports four effective teaching practices we have implemented: (a) active use of adaptive learning, (b) Padlet discussions, (c) wellbeing webinars, and (d) resilience building. These teaching strategies are deemed to address weaknesses of online learning and offer emotional support to students. Our teaching practices will be useful to many universities supporting this crucial group of students in the online environment.
Pages: 193-201
Keywords: online learning; healthcare professional students; COVID-19; resilience, adaptive learning
Authors: Yasuhiro Kotera, Rachel Spink, Michelle Brooks-Ucheaga, Pauline Green, Rebecca Rawson, Christine Rhodes, James Chircop, Alan Williams, Uche Okere, & Geraldine Lyte,
File: Healthcare Professional Students (6 downloads)
Title: The Psychology of Working from Home and Returning to the Workplace: Reflection of Interview.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic saw a large-scale change in how work was performed with a rapid move to working from home where possible to support public health restrictions. This short article is based on the first author’s TV interview in ‘The Agenda’ on the CGTN Europe (2021), discussing the psychological impacts of this transition, with suggestions on how to mitigate the negative aspects of working from home, and considerations on supporting workers on returning to the workplace. Notable psychological impacts of working from home during COVID-19 pandemic included reduced feelings of connection with increased sense of isolation, raised levels of stress, and the phenomenon of ‘Zoom fatigue’. Building trust between organisations and employees has become even more crucial during COVID-19. As reported in some sectors, innovative practices need to be implemented to build trust, reframing this crisis into an opportunity.
Pages: 202-207
Keywords: Work from home; TV interview; Work mental health; Isolation; Stress; Connection; Zoom fatigue; Trust
Authors: Yasuhiro Kotera & Chris Winson
File:  Psychology of Working from Home (7 downloads)
Title: Book Review: Danto & Zangeneh (Eds.), Indigenous Knowledge and Mental Health: A Global Perspective.
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Abstract:
Pages: 208-211
Keywords: Indigenous; Global; Mental Health
Authors: Leswin Laubscher
File: Book Review (8 downloads)

Volume 3 Issue 2

Title: Table of Contents
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
File: masthead (48 downloads)
Title: Concurrent Disorders and Digital Challenges in Palestine
Volume:  3
Issue: 2
Abstract:
Pages: 1-6
Keywords: Digital Media, Addiction, Mental Health, Palestine
Author: Fayez Azez Mahamid
File: concurrent disorders and digital challenges in palestine (64 downloads)
Title: Tobacco and energy drink, emerging health risk among Palestinian adolescent females, a cross-sectional study: Call for action
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 in the West Bank, Palestine to examine the prevalence and the risk factors associated with tobacco smoking and energy drink (ED) intake among 10th grade female students. 382 participants were randomly selected; 16.2% were current tobacco smokers (18.1% cigarette smokers, 36.1% waterpipe smokers), 41.4% were current ED consumers, 29.7% were current tobacco smokers and ED users,15.7% intended to smoke tobacco, and 29.2% intended to consume ED. Most of the adolescents (93.3%) were knowledgeable about the dangers of smoking cigarettes, but not as informed surrounding waterpipe (45.7%) and ED (36.2%) risks. The majority of girls disagreed with banning waterpipe (83.4%) and ED (74.3%). Curiosity was the most frequent motivation for use. Girls who consumed ED were more likely to smoke cigarettes (Odds Ratio (OR:7.2)) and waterpipe (OR:7.6) than non-users. The mean initiation age was 12.6 years for EDs intake, and was associated with the initiation of cigarette smoking (13.6 years) and waterpipe smoking (14.0 years). This study indicates an alarming situation concerning ED intake and tobacco smoking among Palestinian female adolescents. Regular intake of ED was common and strongly associated with tobacco smoking, raising concerns about possible adverse effects, including related risk behaviors. Prevention and cessation strategies are recommended.
Pages: 7-18
Keywords: energy drink; tobacco smoking; waterpipe; non-communicable diseases; female adolescents
Authors: Basma Damiri, Hiba Ibrahim, Marah Khalaily, Rawan Mohammad, & Sarah Imwas
File: Tobacco and energy drink & Palestinian adolescent females (37 downloads)
Title: Energy drink consumption among young Palestinians and associated risk factors: Call for action
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: Objectives: This study was conducted to determine energy drink (ED) consumption and the associated risk factors among Palestinian university students, particularly concerning gender differences. Methods: A crosssectional study was conducted in 2017 across five public universities in the West Bank, Palestine. A selfadministrated questionnaire was distributed between 2100 students to achieve the above objectives. Results: The response rate was high (84.9%), with 1782 students (44.8% males, 55.2% females) completing the questionnaire. The findings indicated that the prevalence of ED intake was high for both lifetime users (66.4%; 83.5% males, 52.3% females) and current users (43.5%; 62.5% males, 31.4% females). Around 82.4% of users had consumed EDs regularly on a daily or weekly basis. Regular consumption of ED was associated with risky behavior, including self-reporting violent behavior, smoking tobacco, alcohol intake, and illicit drug use. Different factors influenced the consumption of ED, including family and social peer pressure, parents’ education levels and relationships, and students’ relationships with their fathers. Consumption was more prevalent among males, working students, and refugees. Common reasons for consuming ED were to increase energy levels, cope with anger, combat sleepiness, and for its taste. Conclusion: The results in this study highlight an alarming situation concerning EDs intake among young Palestinians. They provide insight into the consumption patterns of EDs among university students and shed light on their potential adverse effects. This data can be reviewed when considering regulations over ED and similar products.
Pages: 19-31
Keywords: energy drink, smoking, Palestinians, caffeine intoxication, risk factors
Authors: Basma Damiri, Omar Yaish, Eiad Janini, & Hisham Sandouka
File:  Energy drink consumption among young Palestinian (35 downloads)
Title: Internet addiction among Israeli -Palestinian college students in Israel: Its prevalence and relationship to selected demographic variables
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of the current study is to examine the prevalence of internet addiction and its relationship with selected demographic variables among Arab college students in Israel. Methods: This study is based on the correlation between internet addiction and gender, socio-economic status, age, academic achievement, academic degree, and type of residence, and examines the direction and strength of the relationship between internet addiction and these variables. The sample consisted of 500 Israeli-Palestinian students in colleges. Participants’ ages ranged from 19 to 35 (M = 26.8, SD = 4.48). They were chosen through convenience sampling from six colleges in Israel. Results: The findings indicate the sample had higher than average internet addiction. Moreover, significant relationships were found between internet addiction and gender, socio-economic status, age, academic achievement, and academic degree. There were no significant relationships between internet addiction and religion or residence. Conclusion and Implications: Most of the findings in this study align with previous studies, while some do not. Consistent with previous studies, this study found a significant negative correlation between academic achievement and internet addiction, higher levels of internet addiction among younger students in comparison to older students, high levels of internet addiction among males in comparison to females, high levels of internet addiction among first year students, and found no significant differences in internet addiction attributed to religion. However, contrary to prior studies, there was no significant relationship found between internet addiction and residence, and there was a significant difference in internet addiction attributed to socio-economic status with higher values associated with a low socio-economic status. There is a need for future studies to test the interaction of these variables in predicting internet addiction among students.
Pages: 32-44
Keywords: Internet addiction, Demographic variables, Israeli Palestinian college students
Authors: Qutaiba Agbaria & Dana Bdier
File: Internet addiction among Israeli -Palestinian (42 downloads)
Title: Aggressiveness and life satisfaction as predictors for video game addiction among Palestinian adolescents
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: Previous studies demonstrate that life satisfaction and aggression could be predictive factors for video game addiction. Despite these findings, the relationship between these factors and video game addiction has not been examined among Palestinian adolescents. This study is the first to explore the relationship between video game addiction and life satisfaction and aggression among adolescents (12-18 years) in Palestine. The sample was comprised of 560 school students. Findings revealed that video game addiction scores were negatively associated with life satisfaction and positively associated with aggression. Further studies are needed in order to encourage protective and therapeutic strategies for video game addiction.
Pages: 45-53
Keywords: Life satisfaction, Aggressiveness, Video game addiction, Palestinian adolescents
Authors: Fayez Azez Mahamid & Dana Bdier
File: Aggressiveness and life satisfaction video game addiction among Palestinians (35 downloads)
Title: Perceived stress and self-regulation as predictors for Internet addiction in Palestinian youth
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract:  Objectives: The current study was designed to investigate the relationship between perceived stress, selfregulation, and Internet addiction in Palestinian Youth. Methods: A correlational study was conducted to examine the relationship between study variables. A random sampling technique was used to recruit participants from AnNajah National University (ANNU). 556 students participated, including 178 males and 378 females. Results: The findings showed a statistically significant positive correlation between Internet addiction and perceived stress (r = .24, p < .01); the regression analysis for predicting Internet addiction found that perceived stress contributes in a way that was statistically significant towards explaining variance in Internet addiction. Results also showed a statistically significant negative correlation between Internet addiction and self-regulation (r = -.23, p < .01). Conclusion: The study indicated that participants scored within the mild level of Internet addiction. While Internet addiction was positively correlated with perceived stress and negatively correlated with self-regulation, perceived stress was also negatively correlated with self-regulation. Further research into this relationship may be critical in devising interventions to reduce stress and increase self-regulation to combat Internet addiction among Palestinian youth.
Pages: 54-66
Keywords: Internet addiction, Perceived stress, Self-regulation, Palestine
Authors: Fayez Azez Mahamid & Amjed Abojedi
File: Perceived stress and self-regulation as predictors for Internet addiction (46 downloads)
Title: Depression and Anxiety: Relationships with Internet Addiction in Palestine
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: Objective: Internet addiction (IA) has been positively identified in Palestinian university students, with rates far above students of similar ages in other countries and settings (Mahamid & Berte, 2018). Despite this consistent finding, the psychological mechanism behind IA in this unique population is unclear. This study was initiated to provide a more in-depth analysis of the relationship between symptoms of depression, anxiety and excessive addictive internet use patterns. Method: The study included a sample of 544 university students from An-Najah National University (ANNU) in Nablus, Palestine, reflecting a normalized cross section of the population. Measures of excessive and addictive patterns of use were measured by the Internet Addiction Scale (Young, 2012), while symptoms of anxiety were evaluated by the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (Taylor, 1953). Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Scale (Beck, 1996). Results: Findings revealed that, in general, excessive and addictive patterns of internet use were prevalent among the population, with the majority of subjects reaching indicative of Internet addiction. Anxiety was also found to be of concern throughout the population, while depression was less significant. The relationship between the variables of addictive Internet use, depression, and anxiety were found to be significantly correlated. Conclusion: The results of this study assist in identifying and analyzing the relationships between mental health symptomology and addictive behaviors, specifically Internet addiction in high stress living environments where other addictive outlets (alcohol, illegal substances, gambling, and sexual promiscuity, etc.) may be unavailable. Further work that attempts to understand the chronological development of these behaviors and symptoms of Internet addiction will enable professionals to determine the causal or trajectory relationships between anxiety, depression, and Internet use.
Pages: 67-77
Keywords: Internet Addiction, Depression, Anxiety, Palestine
Authors: Fayez Azez Mahamid & Denise Ziya Bert
File:  Depression and Anxiety: Relationships with Internet Addiction (28 downloads)
Title: Internet addiction and posttraumatic stress disorder in Palestinian Adolescents
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Internet addiction and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of school students in the West Bank of Palestine (N = 524). The severity of impairment caused by excessive Internet use was evaluated using Young’s (2012) Internet Addiction Test, while Mahamid’s PTSD scale (2013) was applied to examine the degree of PTSD among the study sample. The findings of this study showed a statistically significant positive correlation between PTSD symptoms and Internet addiction, which can have a significant impact on adolescents’ personal growth. Children and adolescents with PTSD symptoms require intensive follow-up and special care to prevent the development of Internet addiction.
Pages: 78-87
Keywords: Internet addiction, Posttraumatic stress disorders, Palestinian adolescents
Authors: Ahmed Ibrahim Mansour, & Ayman Mahmud Muamar
File: Internet addiction and posttraumatic stress disorder in Palestinian Adolescents (66 downloads)
Title: Cyberbullying and Internet addiction among Palestinian Adolescents
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: The current study aims to identify the correlation between cyberbullying behavior and Internet Addiction (IA) among Palestinian adolescents. The study sample consists of 500 participants, selected using simple random methods, from five schools in the northern part of the West Bank, Palestine. Results indicated that a level of IA among the study sample was in part due to frequent improper use (69.67%), and the degree of cyberbullying behavior was on a moderate level (66.83%). Results also revealed a statistically significant positive correlation between IA and cyberbullying behavior (r =.23, p < .01). No significant differences were found in IA and cyberbullying behavior across gender and grade level of participants.
Pages: 88-98
Keywords: Internet Addiction (IA), Cyberbullying behavior, Palestinian adolescents
Author: Emad Abu Al-rob
File: Cyberbullying and Internet addiction among Palestinian Adolescents (31 downloads)
Title: Internet Addiction and Life Styles in Palestinian University Students
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: The current study aimed to test the correlation between Internet addiction and its relation to university students’ lifestyles. The sample consisted of 277 Palestinian university students, 143 of which were female and 134 were male. To test the level of Internet addiction among participants, internet addiction test (IAT) Developed by young was administered, while Life Style Personality Inventory (LSPI) was used to identify student’s lifestyles. Results indicated the presence of a mild degree of Internet addiction among participants with (47.4). The results also showed statistically significant differences in Internet addiction based on participants’ place of residence, in favor of students living in camps. Results revealed that the belonging focused and the abuser life styles positively correlated with Internet addiction. This study highlights the importance of conducting further studies concerning the development of counseling and psychotherapy programs that aim to reduce Internet addiction and help students develop healthy life styles.
Pages: 99-109
Keywords: Internet addiction, lifestyles, university students, Palestine
Authors:  Ammar Atiq
File: Internet Addiction and Life Styles in Palestinian University Students (38 downloads)
Title: Internet addiction and achievement motivation among university students
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: Objectives: The current study aims to test the relationship between Internet addiction and achievement motivation among university students. Methods: A descriptive correlation study was conducted to examine the relationship between Internet addiction and achievement motivation. Participants consisted of 350 university students, selected using a simple random sampling technique, from An-Najah National University in the city of Nablus, Palestine. Results: Findings showed a statistically significant negative correlation between Internet addiction and achievement motivation (r =.24, p < .01). Also, Internet addiction was found to be within mild levels (44.61%) among participants. No significant differences were found in Internet addiction and achievement motivation due to the demographic variables (gender and specialization). Conclusion: Further studies exploring the relationship between Internet addiction and other psychological variables are recommended, to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the current landscape so protective and therapeutic programs can be developed in order to decrease Internet addiction and its negative effects.
Pages: 110-118
Keywords: Internet addiction; Achievement motivation, University students
Authors: Asharaf Sayegh, Niven Hussein, & Dana Bdier
File: Internet addiction and achievement motivation among university students (34 downloads)
Title: Factorial Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Arabic Mobile Addiction Scale
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: Mobile phone addiction has become an increasingly concerning topic and has been affected greatly by the rapid change in technology advancement. While symptoms of mobile phone addiction have been defined in previous literature, their manifestation can vary depending on context. As a result, there is a need to develop culturally driven tools that test for mobile phone addiction. This study explores the factorial structure and psychometric properties of the Arabic mobile addiction scale (AMAS), which was developed using an extensive literature review that included studies conducted in an Arabian context. Research data was collected from 404 university students in Palestine and Jordan to test the AMAS factorial structure using confirmatory factor analysis to confirm five factors:salience/preoccupancy, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, and conflict/negative consequences. Results showed a statistically significant correlation between the AMAS and Young’s (1998) Internet Addiction Test. The AMAS also showed high internal consistency for the total scale and its dimensions.
Pages: 119-139
Keywords: Mobile addiction, university students, mobile addiction scale
Authors: Amjed Abojedi, Fayez Azez Mahamid, & Ola Alhoyan
File: Factorial Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Arabic Mobile Addiction Scale (32 downloads)
Title: Maternal tobacco smoking among pregnant Palestinian women: risk for women and newborns
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Abstract: Aim: To investigate the prevalence and the patterns of maternal smoking during pregnancy and to address specific adverse pregnancy outcomes among women in the north of the West Bank, Palestine. Methods: In a cross sectional study, 2066 pregnant women from the north of the West Bank were recruited to complete a selfadministered questionnaire modified from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. Results: Of the 1853 pregnant women who participated in this study, 8.1% were current smokers (7.2% waterpipe and 3.7% cigarettes), and 11.9% were former smokers (10.9% waterpipe and 2.8% cigarettes). Most of the current smokers (67.5%) and former smokers (78.5%) smoked daily. Pregnant smokers and former smokers were more likely than non-smokers to be exposed to second hand smoke at home, and were more likely to identify as refugees (p value <0.05). The logistic-regression model revealed that current smokers during pregnancy were more likely than nonsmokers to have increased gestational blood lipids and blood pressure, increased blood pressure before pregnancy, premature birth and low birth weight in the newborn (P value< 0.05). Former smokers were more likely than nonsmokers to have increased gestational blood lipids and at least one abortion case (P value <0.05). Conclusion: This study presents tobacco use during pregnancy as a particularly important public health problem. The high rate of maternal smoking during pregnancy and its adverse outcomes on both the mother and the child indicate the urgent need to develop continued and effective cessation strategies. Prevention programs should focus on refugee women, who are at highest risk of smoking.
Pages: 140-155
Keywords: pregnancy, smoking, waterpipe, preterm, Palestine, refugees
Authors: Basma R. Damiri, Ammar A.thabaleh, Alla Salah, Diyaa J. Othman, Lara S. Ishtahyeh, Walaa R. Abughannam, Raghad J. Daas, & Omar A. Safarini
File:  Maternal tobacco smoking among pregnant Palestinian women: risk for women and newborns (51 downloads)

Cross validation of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Inventory of Gambling Situations (CAMH-IGS)

Title: Cross-validation of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Inventory of Gambling Situations (CAMH-IGS)
Keywords: Cross-validation, Gambling Situations, Situational Risk, Treatment Planning, Problem Gambling, Gambling Disorder
Authors: Nigel E. Turner, Jing Shi, Mark van der Maas, Sylvia Hagopian, Steve Cook & Tara Elton-Marshall
File: Cross validation CAMH-GS (15 downloads)

The Anxiety Epidemic Among Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Review, Conceptualization, and Recommendations for Prevention and Intervention

Title: The Anxiety Epidemic Among Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Review, Conceptualization, and Recommendations for Prevention and Intervention
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, children, adolescents, adaptability, resilience, anxiety, depression
Authors: Gordon Flett
File: Anxiety Epidemic Among Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 (59 downloads)