Volume Two- Issue One

Title: Table of Contents
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
File: TOC.pdf (123 downloads)
Title: Editorial – Call for a Canadian Public Mental Health System: Transformative Change amid a Global Pandemic
Volume:  2
Issue: 1
Pages: 1-2
Authors: Nazilla Khanlou
File: Public-Mental-Health_Khanlou.pdf (401 downloads)
Title: Effects of therapeutic cannabis on simulated driving: A pilot study
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: Although medical cannabis has been available to Canadians since 2001, there is little research on the effects of cannabis on driving in individuals who use cannabis medically. This pilot study sought to determine the effects of therapeutic cannabis use on simulated driving. Methods: Eligible participants reported daily use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes, with a medical authorization. Prior to the test session, participants were asked not to smoke their regular dose. Participants (n=14) completed self-report questionnaires, including subjective effects questionnaires (visual analog scales), the Addiction Research Centre Inventory (ARCI), and Profile of Mood States (POMS), and provided blood (for determination of THC and metabolites). They also drove a simulator both before and after smoking their usual daily dose of cannabis. Outcome measures on simulated driving consisted of overall mean speed, straightaway mean speed, straightaway lateral control, and brake latency. Speed and lateral control were also measured under cognitive load. Results: After smoking cannabis, overall mean speed was reduced. No effects of therapeutic cannabis were found on straightaway mean speed or straightaway lateral control for either condition (standard or cognitive load) or on brake latency. After smoking therapeutic cannabis in the lab, changes in speed and lateral control were negatively correlated with the amount of cannabis smoked per day. Prior to smoking therapeutic cannabis in the lab, under baseline conditions, speed and lateral control under cognitive load were also correlated with the amount of cannabis used per day. Therapeutic cannabis use increased subjective reports and blood levels of THC and metabolites. Conclusions: The present study suggests that, even with repeated daily use, cannabis consumption among therapeutic users may alter driving behavior. This has implications for road safety and use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes.
Keywords: cannabis; driving; medicinal cannabis; weaving; speed
Pages: 3-13
Authors: Patricia Di Ciano, Ana Matamoros, Justin Matheson, Andrew Fares, Hayley A. Hamilton, Christine M. Wickens, Tara Marie Watson, Robert E. Mann, Bernard Le Foll, Patrick A. Byrne, & Bruna Brands
File: Letter-to-the-Editor.-Therapeutic-Cannabis-on-Simulated-Driving.pdf (537 downloads)
Title: Mental health of Irish students: Self-criticism as a complete mediator in mental health attitudes and caregiver identity
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: Mental health is a concern in the Republic of Ireland, and in particular the mental health of higher education students is challenging. Further, their poor mental health may be negatively impacted by their negative mental health attitudes and caregiver identity, which can yield high self-criticism and low self-reassurance. Accordingly, this study aimed to (i) elucidate the relationships among these five constructs, and (ii) assess the impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance in the relationship between (a) mental health attitudes and mental health, and (b) between caregiver identity and mental health. One-hundred and twenty-nine Irish undergraduate students completed self-report measures regarding these constructs. Correlation and path analyses were conducted. Overall, all variables were related to each other, and in particular family-related shame subscales were strongly related to mental health problems. In path analysis, self-criticism completely mediated the relationship between mental health attitudes and mental health, while self-reassurance did not. Likewise, self-criticism also completely mediated the relationship between caregiver identity and mental health, while self-reassurance did not. The findings suggest the importance of self-criticism to students’ mental health. While current literature highlights the importance of mental health attitudes such as stigma and caregiver identity (a strong sense of identity as someone who offers care), our results indicated that it was their self-criticism that predicted poor mental health. As such, their mental health may be more effectively improved by targeting self-criticism. Compassion training, peer-support groups, and reframing were recommended to counter self-criticism. Our findings will help educators and researchers identify alternative and more effective means of improving mental health in Irish students.
Pages: 14-26
Keywords: Student, mental health, caregiver, identity
Authors: Yasuhiro Kotera & Geraldine Maughan
File: Mental health of Irish students (133 downloads)
Title: A Case Report of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for a Japanese Female Patient Suffering from Migraine
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: Despite its prevalence, migraine was not regarded as a problematic disease until 2000. This third most common disease in the world is also common in Japan. While effective treatment and interventions are introduced in manuals and guidelines in the West, helpful information to treat migraine targeting Japanese patients is still scarce. Accordingly, this clinical note reports a Japanese female who suffered from long-term migraine. Similar to many Western cases, approaches based on cognitive behavioural therapy were deemed effective in this client’s case as well. Empirical evaluation was recommended.
Keywords: cognitive behavioural therapy; migraine; comorbid; psychiatric
Pages: 27-34
Authors: Kenichi Asano & Yasuhiro Kotera
File: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for a Japanese Female Patient Suffering from Migraine (118 downloads)
Title: “Maybe once I find a good job, I will be better”: Seeking Mental Healthcare in Little Bangladesh, Toronto, Canada
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: In order to inform the development of culturally safe models of mental healthcare and promotion, this concurrent mixed methods study explored the following research questions: 1) What are the characteristics of community members with positive attitudes toward seeking mental health services and 2) What are the barriers and promoters of mental health service access for Bangladeshi immigrants living in the “Little Bangladesh” locale in Toronto, Canada which has one of the highest rates of people seeking mental health care in the city. Method: Participants were surveyed in the quantitative phase (n = 47) using a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Inventory of Attitudes Toward Seeking Mental Health Services (IASMHS) and interviewed during the qualitative phase (n = 20). Results: The quantitative phase found that male gender, attending school in Canada, and being employed in one’s field of study/work were associated with more positive attitudes toward seeking mental healthcare. Lack of economic integration, mental health awareness and education, mental health literacy, and the presence of community mental health stigma were identified as the major barriers toward seeking care in the qualitative phase. Conclusion and Implication: After merging phases, the common factor that emerged from both legs of the study was the stressor of economic insecurity during the migration and resettlement process and how that acts as a barrier to seeking mental healthcare. Participants recommended a multi-pronged, targeted mental health outreach campaign to facilitate economic integration for new immigrants, address mental health stigma, promote available mental health resources, and develop new models of care.
Pages: 35-55
Keywords: Mental health service access, immigrant, Bangladeshi diaspora, acculturative stress, financial insecurity, stress
Authors: Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, & Hala Tamim
File: JCD-Seeking-Mental-Healthcare-in-Little-Bangladesh.pdf (110 downloads)
Title: Beyond Simulation – Therapeutic Cannabis and Driving
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Pages: 56-57
Authors: Richard Isralowitz
File: Beyond Simulation–Therapeutic Cannabis and Driving.pdf (117 downloads)
Title: The fear of COVID-19 and its role in preventive behaviours
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: The economic and psychosocial consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic have been far-reaching and unprecedented around the world. These circumstances appear to have had profound psychological effects on all individuals worldwide. One psychological aspect of the COVID-19 pandemic is fear. This brief paper argues that assessing fear is important and is the key reason we co-developed the ‘Fear of COVID-19 Scale’ (FCV-19S). It is argued that without knowing the level of fear about COVID-19 among different groups by specific socio-demographic variables (e.g., gender, age, education, ethnicity, religiosity, etc.) and/or different psychological factors (e.g., personality type) it is difficult to know whether education and prevention programs are needed, and if they are needed which groups to target and where. The collation and application of such data could be used to devise targeted education and/or prevention programs to help overcome fear of COVID-19 and help such individuals to engage in preventative behaviors.
Keywords: COVID-19; coronavirus 2019; fear; Fear of COVID-19 Scale; psychology of fear; fear prevention
Pages: 58-63
Authors: Amir H. Pakpour & Mark D. Griffiths
File: JCR-COVID-19-Fear.pdf (947 downloads)
Title: Psychological Torture, Coronavirus, and Julian Assange
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: Psychological and psychiatric understanding of human functioning is socially, culturally, and politically situated. Changes in the disciplines’ academic and practical emphasis over time, including construal of normality, often follow advocacy and awareness-raising in the public domain. The present commentary argues that in recent months the issue of psychological torture has undergone just such a transformation, driven by developments in the case of imprisoned WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. On May 31, 2019, the UN Rapporteur on torture reported that Julian Assange showed all symptoms typical for prolonged exposure to psychological torture. Since that time, efforts to end Julian Assange’s persecution and torture, along with parallel developments in the human rights field, have brought increasing coherence and clarity to conceptual and applied issues regarding psychological torture. Specifically, sharper focus has been brought to bear on the key components or techniques of psychological torture, the psychological processes targeted for abuse, and the mechanisms of harm. Due in part to Julian Assange’s exposure to such torture techniques, and the medical vulnerabilities caused, his life is currently at imminent risk from coronavirus infection in prison, where he is being held as an un-sentenced prisoner on remand. The present paper argues that the paucity of coherent psychological and psychiatric frameworks within which to understand and communicate about psychological torture has facilitated this very development. Accordingly, it is past time for psychological and psychiatric bodies to end their silence on the psychological torture of Julian Assange.
Pages: 64-73
Keywords: Psychological torture; Covid-19; Coronavirus; Julian Assange
Authors: Lissa Johnson
File: Psychological-torture-coronavirus-and-Julian-Assange.pdf (618 downloads)
Title: Nurses Respond to COVID-19 Pandemic: Mental Health Support for Frontline Nurses
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Pages: 74-76
Keywords: COVID-19, mental health, addiction, gender-based violence, Latin America
Authors: Nazilla Khanlou & Brenda E. Orazietti
File: Nurses-Mental-Health_Khanlou_Orazietti-1.pdf (326 downloads)
Title: The COVID-19 Crisis: Latin America and Mental Health Today and Afterwards
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: A recent statement of the Puebla Group highlighted the need for improving public health care and scientific research on health in Latin America due to COVID-19 pandemic. In this commentary, we will discuss the implications for mental health and addictions, and emphasize the need for a health system prepared for the care of mental health problems that may increase beyond COVID-19 pandemic.
Pages: 77-79
Keywords: COVID-19, mental health, addiction, gender-based violence, Latin America
Authors: Karina Conde, Paula Victoria Gimenez, & Tomas Salomon
File: Commentary_conde.pdf (94 downloads)
Title: The Perfectionism Pandemic Meets COVID-19: Understanding the Stress, Distress, and Problems in Living For Perfectionists During the Global Health Crisis
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health crisis that is challenging for everyone. Concerns are being expressed about a pending mental health crisis as people try to cope with their fears, stressors, and life disruptions. In the current commentary and analysis, we examine what we refer to as “the perfectionism pandemic” (i.e. the widespread and growing prevalence of perfectionism) and what it means to be highly perfectionistic and driven during this period of great stress and uncertainty around the world. We present the argument that the nature and experiences associated with the global health crisis are exacerbating the already high levels of stress and distress and complex psychological problems found among vulnerable perfectionists. One key point of emphasis in this article is the enormous burnout and potential trauma experienced by frontline medical personnel who are driven to be perfect and who feel compelled to live up to prescribed expectations and demands to be perfect. We also discuss the impact of periods of social and physical isolation on perfectionistic people who have been already experiencing loneliness and who may have pre-existing difficulties in their interpersonal relationships. We conclude with a series of recommendations for perfectionists in order to help them cope with the pandemic and find better ways of living through the pandemic. Key themes include the humanistic focus on being rather than doing in daily life and the need for an improved life balance that is rooted in interpersonal connections and acceptance of self and others.
Pages: 80-105
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, perfectionism, Work, Burnout
Authors: Gordon L. Flett & Paul L. Hewitt
File: perfectionism.pandemic.pdf (419 downloads)
Title: Mattering as a Vital Support for People During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Benefits of Feeling and Knowing That Someone Cares During Times of Crisis
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health crisis that continues to grow. It is a source of mounting stress and anxiety that is exacting an overwhelming toll on individual people. It is during times like these that psychological resources are just as important as the tangible resources available to people. We focus in this commentary on the key psychological resource of feelings of mattering to other people. Mattering is a core element of the self and identity that is especially relevant during transitions. We present the argument that mattering is a key resource when faced with a broad public health crisis such as the current pandemic. In this commentary, we briefly review the concept of mattering and how it is distinguished from related concepts such as belongingness and social support. We also discuss the vital role of mattering in combating feelings of loneliness and safeguarding the health and mental health of people of all ages at all times but especially when in crisis situations. A substantial focus in our commentary is on the need to promote a sense of mattering in the community and the benefits derived from actions and programs that leave people with a core sense that their community cares about them. More generally, we discuss the public health implications of promoting this sense of mattering and steps that can be taken by individuals, organizations, and governments to mobilize mattering as an essential resource for all people, but especially for those individuals who have felt marginalized and perhaps forgotten. When viewed through a mattering lens, exceptional acts of selflessness, volunteerism, and altruism are reframed as acts of mattering that underscore the importance of both having value and giving value to others during times of crisis.
Pages: 106-123
Keywords: Mattering; pandemic; covid-19; crisis
Authors: Gordon L. Flett & Masood Zangeneh
File: Flett_mattering.pandemic.pdf (483 downloads)

Volume One- Issue Two

Title: Table of Contents
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  2
File: Table of Contents
Title: Salirophilia and other co-occurring paraphilias in a middle-aged male: A case study
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: Salirophilia is a paraphilic sexual fetish in which individuals experience sexual arousal from soiling or disheveling the object of their desire. To date, there has been no academic or clinical research into salirophilia, and there are no published peer-reviewed papers – not even a single case study. Therefore, this paper presents the first case study account of a salirophile, a 58-year-old heterosexual male. The areas of interest that were examined included his background relating to childhood experiences of sex, other cooccurring paraphilic interests, and a detailed overview of his engagement in salirophilic acts. It was found that his interest in salirophilic acts dated back to his childhood, and based on the account given, the behavior is most likely explained by classical conditioning. It was also found that there were many other paraphilic behaviors that co-occurred with salirophilia, including sadism, urophilia, coprophilia, and zoophilia. The case study highlights the importance of online methods in the recruitment of individuals and the collection of data with sexually paraphilic behavior for academic study.
Pages: 1-8
Keywords: salirophile, case, classical conditioning.
Authors: Mark D. Griffiths
File: Salirophilia and other co-occurring paraphilias in a middle-aged male: A case study (77 downloads)
Title: Associations between probable anxiety and mood disorder and measures of alcohol and cannabis use in young, middle-aged and older adults.
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: This study examined the associations of cannabis use, alcohol use and alcohol problems with probable anxiety and mood disorders (AMD) in young, middle-aged and older adults. Method: Data are based on the CAMH Monitor, an ongoing cross-sectional telephone survey of Ontario adults aged 18 years and older. For the purposes of the current study, a merged dataset from the years 2001 through 2009 inclusive was separated into three individual datasets: 18-34 year olds (n=4,211), 35-54 year olds (n=7,874), and 55 years of age and older (n=6,778). The survey included the 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire, which provides a measure of probable AMD for the general population. Logistic regression analyses examined the odds of probable AMD in three age groups associated with alcohol measures (number of drinks per day and alcohol problems (AUDIT 8+)) and cannabis use, while controlling for self-reported physical health, religious service attendance, and demographic factors. Due to listwise deletion, the logistic regression models were based on reduced samples. Results: Lifetime cannabis use and past year cannabis use predicted probable AMD in young and middle-aged adults, but only lifetime cannabis use predicted probable AMD among older adults. Alcohol problems predicted probable AMD among middle aged and older adults, but not among younger adults. No consistent link between recent alcohol consumption and probable AMD was observed. Conclusion: These analyses suggest that the impact of alcohol and cannabis use and problems on probable AMD may differ across age groups.
Pages: 9-19
Keywords: cannabis, anxiety, mood disorders, Ontario, AUDIT.
Authors: Robert E. Mann, Wah Lap Cheung, Gina Stoduto, Christine M. Wickens, Anca R. Ialomiteanu, Chloe Docherty, Roxana Florica, Justin Matheson, Lily Y. Li, & André J. McDonald
File: Associations between probable anxiety and mood disorder and measures of alcohol and cannabis (78 downloads)
Title:  Technology and mutual aid for problem gambling: the past and the future.
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: This paper offers a cursory account of the use of technology and online services by 12-Step peer support groups with a particular focus on support services for problem gamblers. We examine the history of peer support groups and examine the extent to which they have embraced newer technologies. Gamblers Anonymous (GA) has little direct involvement in on-line support. However, GA members operating independently of GA have provided some pioneering peer support. In this paper, we gathered information about GA’s presence online through a cursory literature review, examination of websites, and three semistructured interviews with key informants: two longstanding GA members and one non-member who is nonetheless very active in employing up to date technology to coordinate recovery options for problem gamblers. The benefits of online peer support for problem gamblers is discussed. Accessibility is one example, as some could be available 24 hours a day each day of the week. Another advantage is that many young adults and adolescents favor online options. This also applies to online gamblers. The Internet options we have uncovered are run mostly by GA members, typically without official GA sanction.
Pages: 20-30
Keywords: Gamblers Anonymous, online services, accessibility.
Authors: Peter Ferentzy, Sherald Sanchez, & Nigel E. Turner
File: Technology and mutual aid for problem gambling: the past and the future. (74 downloads)
Title: Perseverance and addiction processes: Clues to identify exercise addicts
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: Physical activity is one of the most important resources used to promote health habits and well-being through a controlled and regular practice. Nevertheless, it is increasingly clear that in the area of sports, cases of excessive practice are becoming more prevalent, therefore normalizing the appearance of addictive behaviors. Previous studies on this topic highlight the importance of personality and the presence of different traits in identifying the appearance of this behavioral pattern. Taking into account all this information and the meaning of grit (perseverance and passion), one of the most emerging traits in the field of personality, we selected a sample of CrossFit and endurance sports practitioners (133 athletes; 34.59% women and 65.41% men) to understand the possible association between exercise addiction and grit, which could be affected by some indicators such as ambition and satisfaction in this relationship. A t-test, correlation analysis (Pearson), and linear regression (backward method) showed that the factor of Perseverance is positively correlated with addiction, and the other factor of grit, Consistency of Interest, did not present any kind of relationship. This seems to indicate that Perseverance is a trigger for addiction, while Consistency may help to self-regulate this behavior. In addition, younger athletes showed higher indicators of ambition to achieve their goals and a higher risk of exercise addiction, whereas gaining more experience with sports could facilitate the development of grit.
Pages: 31-46
Keywords: sports, exercise, CrossFit.
Authors: Gonzalez-Hernandez, J. Nogueira, A., & Lorenzo, O.
File: Perseverance and addiction processes: Clues to identify exercise addicts (68 downloads)
Title: The relationship between problem gambling and substance use among American adolescents
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: Adolescence is a developmental period marked by increased engagement in risky behaviors, including substance use and gambling. Previous research has consistently shown an increased risk of problem gambling among people with substance use disorders, however few studies have addressed the differences in problem gambling across the various substance types. Using data from the 2018 Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services (ADAMHS) Board/Wood County Educational Service Center Survey on Alcohol and Other Drug Use among junior high and high school adolescents in Wood County, Ohio, this study sought to understand the relationship and comorbidity levels between various substances used and problem gambling among American adolescents. Further, the current study aimed to test the effects of substance use on the likelihood of being identified as a problem gambler. Results indicated that individuals at-risk or reporting gambling problems were significantly more likely to regularly smoke marijuana, ingest painkillers, consume alcohol, and engage in binge drinking. Additionally, adolescents who regularly consumed alcohol or painkillers were twice as likely to be identified as being at-risk for a gambling problem. This study sheds light on the importance of assessing for comorbid addictive disorders in order to optimize treatment options for adolescents.
Pages: 47-56
Keywords: Gambling, risky behaviors, substance use, adolescents.
Authors: Loredana A. Marchica, Tina Giordano, William Ivoska, & Jeffrey L. Derevensky
File: The relationship between problem gambling and substance use among American adolescents (74 downloads)
Title: The Prevalence, Communicability and Co-Occurrence of Inverted Hallucinations: An Overlooked Global Public Health Concern
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: While scientific understanding concerning the role of biological pathogenic agents in the transmission of communicable diseases has increased markedly in recent decades, the possibility of a psychological pathogenic agent that underlies the transmission of a number of key global public health concerns has largely been overlooked. The present paper identifies inverted hallucinations as a novel category of hallucination that not only reflect a key public health concern in their own right, but also appear to play an active role in the gradual transmission of diseases traditionally deemed to be non-communicable, such as mental health problems, obesity, and social media addiction. More specifically, the present paper delineates the assumptions and indicative empirical support underlying inverted hallucination theory as well as the characteristic features, functional consequences, prevalence, communicability, and co-occurrence of inverted hallucinations in the general population. Inverted hallucinations appear to be both globally prevalent and communicable, and are estimated to affect the average person on at least an occasional basis. Inverted hallucinations cause individuals to succumb to states of mind wandering that distorts their perception of what is happening in the present moment and increases their susceptibility to other deleterious health conditions. Moreover, inverted hallucinations appear to reflect a key overlooked public health need that not only stunt human potential and quality of life but also pose a risk to the wellbeing of the population globally
Pages: 57-63
Keywords: inverted hallucinations, co-occurrence, public health.
Authors: William Van Gordon, Supakyada Sapthiang, Déborah Ducasse, & Edo Shonin
File: The Prevalence, Communicability and Co-Occurrence of Inverted Hallucinations (68 downloads)
Title: Screening for comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders using the Standard for Clinicians’ Interview in Psychiatry (SCIP)
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 2
Abstract: The Standard for Clinicians’ Interview in Psychiatry (SCIP) is a clinician-administered valid and reliable semi-structured diagnostic interview for adult psychiatric disorders. The SCIP Screening Module includes 30 questions and covers 18 adult psychiatric disorders: generalized anxiety, panic, agoraphobia, social phobia, obsessive-compulsive, posttraumatic, major depressive, dysthymic, bipolar, schizoaffective, schizophrenia, attention deficit/hyperactivity, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating, alcohol use, drug use, and somatic symptom disorders. The SCIP Screening Module has been used in clinical assessments, was found to have high sensitivity as a screening tool in a primary-care population, and has the potential to be useful in screening for mental disorders in a general population.
Keywords: SCIP, diagnostic interview, psychiatric disorders.
Authors: Ahmed Aboraya
File: Screening for comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders (70 downloads)
Title: Table of Contents
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
File: Table of Contents
Title: Editorial
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract: Welcome
Pages: 1
Authors:  Masood Zangeneh
File: Editorial- Issue One (72 downloads)
Title:  The Relationship Between Internet Addiction and Problem Behaviors Amongst Hong Kong Adolescents: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:    1
Abstract:  Both Internet addiction and adolescent risk behaviors are worldwide public health concerns. Unfortunately, their relationship is grossly under-researched. Adopting a longitudinal research design, this study examined the longitudinal association between Internet addiction and problem behaviors among adolescents in Hong Kong and tested whether early Internet addiction predicted later adolescent problem behaviors. A total of 2,669 junior secondary school students completed three waves of questionnaires testing their Internet addiction behavior and other problem behaviors including drug use, self-harm, suicidal behaviors, delinquency behaviors, and compensated dating. Chi-square analysis showed that Internet addicted students had a high probability to display these problem behaviors at each wave. Logistic regression analyses suggest that early Internet addiction was a precursor of later problem behaviors among adolescents. The results shed light on the relationship between Internet addiction and adolescent problem behaviors, and provide reference for prevention and intervention of these problem behaviors.
Pages: 2-22
Keywords: Internet addiction, adolescent risk behaviors, comorbidity, Chinese adolescents
Authors:  Daniel Tan-lei Shek, Lu Yu, & Wenyu Chai
File: Relationship Between Internet Addiction and Problem Behaviors Amongst Hong Kong Adolescents (81 downloads)
Title:  Gambling, Problem Gambling, and Attitudes Toward Gambling in a Sample of College Students
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract:  The present study explored gambling prevalence and attitudes toward gambling among college students. A sample of 274 Humber College students participated in an online survey from September 15th to December 15th, 2013. The survey included a scale to measure problem gambling as well as questions regarding attitudes toward gambling. The study found that 9.9% of college students were classified as moderate problem gamblers and 2.2% were classified as having a severe gambling problem. In terms of attitudes, 59.9 % of participants believed that gambling is morally wrong, and 69% felt that gambling does more harm than good; however, 81% believed that all types of gambling should be legal. For the harm and morality questions, problem gamblers had more negative attitudes towards gambling. The study also indicated significantly higher scores on the PGSI/CPGI for males in comparison to females. The results suggest that problem gambling is more common amongst college students than in the general adult population.
Pages: 23-42
Keywords: problem gambling, college students, morality, views on legality
Authors:  Aqeel Saeid, Slobodan Petrovski, Kathryn Shea, Jing Shi, Peter Ferentzy, Sarah Cool, & Nigel Turner
File: Gambling, Problem Gambling, and Attitudes (74 downloads)
Title: The rise of opioid overdose: Is availability of Naloxone within the community the answer we need?
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 1
Abstract: Rates of substance use and overdose are continually on the rise within our communities. Recent events highlight the increase rate of opioid overdose in particular and reflect current trends of a two-fold increase in such an event. Opioids are problematic as they can be prescribed legally or gained illegally. Symptoms of opioid overdose can be reversed with the provision of naloxone. Rising prices for naloxone may prevent organizations from carrying large quantities of it, which is problematic given recent events. As there is no typical presentation of opioid addiction or those with concurrent mental health issues, the influence or effect of each on the individual and with each other should be examined in their entirety. Different types of treatment are examined, as well as several of the strengths and limitations of ea
Pages: 43-52
Keywords: Opioid use, naloxone, treatment models
Authors: Thalia MacMillan
File: The rise of opioid overdose (64 downloads)
Title: Shame to Resilience: Trauma-informed Perspectives on Maternal Substance Use
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract: Objective. The objective of this article is to discuss the multifaceted complexity of maternal substance use and trauma histories. Methods. Overview of the impact of opioid use in maternal age women is provided, as well as its impact on families. Two case examples are presented to highlight the major barriers these women encounter in entering treatment. Results. The use of two theories, shame-resilience (SRT) and self-determination (SDT) is also discussed as a possible framework to engage pregnant women and promote recovery and healing from trauma histories. Conclusion. Providing trauma-informed, gender-specific treatment using these theoretical frameworks has the potential for transformational growth and recovery for this multifarious population. Implications. To provide the necessary comprehensive, coordinated, and compassionate care from multiple disciplines, continued training on trauma-informed, genderspecific treatment is recommended.
Pages: 53-74
Keywords: Resilience, substance Use, opioid, maternal.
Authors: Heather Howard
File: Shame to Resilience (75 downloads)
Title:  The Impact of Gambling on Families in Hong Kong: The Role of Family Functioning
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract: Despite substantial evidence that problem gambling is associated with a wide range of family difficulties, limited effort has been devoted to studying the negative impacts on family members as a result of problem gambling, particularly in Chinese communities. It was hypothesized that significant negative relationships would be found between family member impacts and family functioning; and significant positive relationship would be found between family functioning and health and psychological wellbeing. A total of 103 family members of problem gamblers who sought help from Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Even Centre in Hong Kong were interviewed. Results showed that a majority of family members were partners or ex-partners of the gambler with low or no income. Family functioning was negatively correlated to gambling-related family impacts and psychological distress, and was positively correlated to health and psychological wellbeing. The results provide preliminary support for patterns of family functioning that could protect families from negative impacts of addictions. It is suggested that a culturally-sensitive treatment modality that focuses on enhancing family functioning will facilitate improvement in gambling related family impacts.
Pages: 75-109
Keywords: Family Functioning, Impact of Problem Gambling, Families, Chinese, Hong Kong
Authors: Elda Mei Lo Chan, Nicki A. Dowling, Alun C. Jackson, & Daniel Tan-lei Shek
File: The Impact of Gambling on Families in Hong Kong (67 downloads)
Title:  Binge Drinking among Residential Program Youth in Israel: Toward an Understanding of Predictors for Policy and Prevention
Volume: 1
Journal Issue: 1
Abstract: Alcohol use is attributed to about 25% of the total deaths among youth and young adults. Harmful alcohol use among youth has been overshadowed by the preoccupation with widespread use of other substances including cannabis and prescription drugs. A crosssectional cohort of 1,327 residential program and high school youth were compared regarding binge drinking habits and risk factors. Data was collected from 2004 to 2016. Residential program youth binge drinking predictors were substance abuse within the last month, alcohol availability, causing harm to others (e.g., fighting, stealing and possessing a weapon), unstructured day activity, and being a passenger in a car where the driver had been drinking. Binge drinking predictors among high school were smoking within the last month and alcohol availability. Effective risk behavior prevention involves a wide range of factors including the need to control alcohol access among those under the legal drinking age. An eco-systems approach involving youth and people they are in contact with is a viable prevention approach. However, conflicting personal and economic factors regarding alcohol use, among others, are a daunting barrier to overcome.
Pages: 110-127
Keywords: Binge drinking, cannabis, prescription drugs, residential program, high school
Authors: Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik, & Masood Zangeneh
File: Binge Drinking among Residential Program Youth in Israel (52 downloads)
Title: Common Myths in the Behavioral Addiction Field
Volume: 1
Journal Issue:  1
Abstract: There is no shortage of controversy and debates within the field of behavioral addiction. In this paper, five myths are outlined concerning various behavioral addictions. These are: (i) behavioral addictions can occur concurrently, (ii) addictions such as videogame addiction are associated with other comorbidities and are therefore not separate disorders, (iii) ‘addictions’ are equivalent to ‘disorders’ in DSM-5 and ICD-11 nomenclature, (iv) very excessive behaviors are addictions, and (v) socially condoned excessive activities and activities engaged in willfully cannot be classed as behavioral addictions. It is argued that views based on these myths depend upon how behavioral addictions are defined in the first place. It is concluded that any behavior which has severe and longstanding clinical impairment and comprising core components of addiction (i.e., salience, conflict, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, and relapse) should be conceptualized as a behavioral addiction.
Pages:  128-141
Keywords: Behavioral addiction, DSM-5, ICD-10, myth
Authors:  Mark D. Griffiths
File: Common Myths in the Behavioral Addiction Field (66 downloads)